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Union Council of Ministers

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The Union Council of Ministers exercises executive authority in the Republic of India.[1] It consists of senior ministers, called 'cabinet ministers', junior ministers, called 'ministers of state' and, rarely, deputy ministers.

It is led by the Prime Minister. A smaller executive body called the Union Cabinet is the supreme decision-making body in India.[2] Only the prime minister and ministers of the rank of cabinet minister are members of Union Cabinet in accordance with Article 75.

Regulation

Pursuant to Article 75(3), the Council of Ministers is responsible collectively to the lower house of the Indian parliament, called the Lok Sabha (House of the People).[1] When a bill introduced by a minister in the Lok Sabha is not approved by it, the entire council of ministers is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing confidence of Lok Sabha shall resign to facilitate new government formation.

A minister shall not take any decision without being considered by the council of ministers per Article 78(c). All union cabinet members shall submit in writing to the President to propose proclamation of emergency by the president in accordance with Article 352.

According to the Constitution of India, the total number of ministers in the council of ministers must not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Lok Sabha. Ministers must be members of parliament. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off his or her ministerial post.[1]

Ranking

There are five categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime Minister
  • Deputy prime minister (if any); presides as prime minister in his absence or as the senior most cabinet minister.[3]
  • Cabinet minister: member of cabinet; leads a ministry.
  • Minister of state (independent charge): junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister.
  • Minister of state (MoS): deputy minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.

Appointment

Pursuant to Article 75, a minister who works at the pleasure of president, is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister.

Removal

  • Upon death
  • Upon self resignation
  • Upon dismissal by the President for minister's unconstitutional acts per Article 75(2).[4]
  • Upon direction from the Judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of Parliament.

Council of Ministers of a State

Every state in India is governed by its council of ministers with rules and procedures similar to union council of ministers per Articles 163, 164 and 167(c). There is no concept of cabinet rank minister in the council of ministers.

Current Union Council of Ministers

Council portfolios are as follows:[5]

Cabinet Ministers

India cabinet ministers information-2019

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Department of Atomic Energy
Department of Space
All important policy issues and all other portfolios not allocated to any Minister.
  Narendra Modi 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Defence   Rajnath Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Home Affairs   Amit Shah 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Finance
Minister of Corporate Affairs
  Nirmala Sitharaman 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of External Affairs   Subrahmanyam Jaishankar 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Road Transport and Highways
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
  Nitin Gadkari 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Textiles
Minister of Women and Child Development
  Smriti Irani 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Railways
Minister of Commerce and Industry
  Piyush Goyal 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers   D. V. Sadananda Gowda 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Tribal Affairs   Arjun Munda 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Food Processing Industries   Harsimrat Kaur Badal 30 May 2019 Incumbent SAD
Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution   Ram Vilas Paswan 30 May 2019 Incumbent LJP
Minister of Law and Justice
Minister of Communications
Minister of Electronics and Information Technology
  Ravi Shankar Prasad 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Minister of Steel
  Dharmendra Pradhan 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Minister of Rural Developement
Minister of Panchayati Raj
  Narendra Singh Tomar 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment   Thawar Chand Gehlot 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Human Resource Development   Ramesh Pokhriyal 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Health and Family Welfare   Harsh Vardhan 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
  Prakash Javdekar 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Minority Affairs   Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship   Mahendra Nath Pandey 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of Coal
Minister of Mines
  Pralhad Joshi 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Jal Shakti   Gajendra Singh Shekhawat 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries   Giriraj Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises   Arvind Sawant 30 May 2019 Incumbent Shiv Sena
Reference: Official Government of India publication, 31 May 2019

Ministers of State (Independent Charge)

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Labour and Employment   Santosh Kumar Gangwar 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Statistics and Programme Implementation
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Planning[disambiguation needed]
  Rao Inderjit Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH)
Minister of State in the Ministry of Defence.
  Shripad Yesso Naik 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Development of North Eastern Region
Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office
Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
Minister of State in the Department of Atomic Energy
Minister of State in the Department of Space
  Dr. Jitendra Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Youth Affairs and Sports
Minister of State of Minority Affairs
  Kiren Rijiju 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Culture
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Tourism
  Prahlad Singh Patel 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Power
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of New and Renewable Energy
Minister of State of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  Raj Kumar Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Housing and Urban Affairs
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Civil Aviation
Minister of State of Commerce and Industry
  Hardeep Singh Puri 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Shipping
Minister of State of Chemicals and Fertilizers
  Mansukh L. Mandaviya 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP

Ministers of State

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of State of Steel   Faggan Singh Kulaste 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Health and Family Welfare   Ashwini Kumar Choubey 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Parliamentary Affairs
Minister of State of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
  Arjun Ram Meghwal 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Road Transport and Highways   V. K. Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Social Justice and Empowerment   Krishan Pal Gurjar 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution   Raosaheb Danve 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Home Affairs   G. Kishan Reddy 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare   Parshottam Rupala 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Social Justice and Empowerment   Ramdas Athawale 30 May 2019 Incumbent RPI(A)
Minister of State of Rural Development   Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Environment, Forest and Climate Change   Babul Supriyo 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries   Sanjeev Kumar Balyan 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Human Resource Development
Minister of State of Communications
Minister of State of Electronics and Information Technology
  Sanjay Shamrao Dhotre 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Finance
Minister of State of Corporate Affairs
  Anurag Thakur 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Railways   Suresh Angadi 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Home Affairs   Nityanand Rai 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Jal Shakti
Minister of State of Social Justice and Empowerment
  Rattan Lal Kataria 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of External Affairs
Minister of State of Parliamentary Affairs
  V. Muraleedharan 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Tribal Affairs   Renuka Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Commerce and Industry   Som Parkash 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Food Processing Industries   Rameswar Teli 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
Minister of State of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
  Pratap Chandra Sarangi 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare   Kailash Choudhary 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP
Minister of State of Women and Child Development   Debasree Chaudhuri 30 May 2019 Incumbent BJP

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part V#Article 74 .7BCouncil of Ministers to aid and advise President.7D
  2. ^ Wikisource:Constitution of India/Part XVIII
  3. ^ Rajendran, S. (13 July 2012). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Bangalore. ISSN 0971-751X. OCLC 13119119. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Origin and Scope of Doctrine of Pleasure in India". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Who Gets What: Cabinet Portfolios Announced. Full List Here". NDTV.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.

External links