Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
The Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra (German: Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart des SWR) was a German radio orchestra based in Stuttgart in Germany. The ensemble was founded in 1945 by American occupation authorities as the orchestra for Radio Stuttgart, under the name Sinfonieorchester von Radio Stuttgart (Symphony Orchestra of Radio Stuttgart). The radio network later became the Süddeutscher Rundfunk (SDR, South German Radio), and the orchestra changed its name in 1949 to the Sinfonieorchester des Süddeutschen Rundfunks (South German Radio Symphony Orchestra). In 1959, the orchestra took on the name Südfunk-Sinfonieorchester, and acquired its current name in 1975.
Like many broadcast orchestras in Germany, the orchestra had a reputation for performing contemporary music. Past principal conductors included Sir Neville Marriner (1983–1989), who later held the title of principal guest conductor. Georges Prêtre, who became the orchestra's artistic director in 1996, later held the title of Conductor Laureate. From 1998 to 2011, Roger Norrington was principal conductor, and incorporated his ideas of historically informed performance, including minimal use of vibrato, into the orchestra's style of playing. Norrington now shares the title of Ehrendirigent (honorary conductor) with Georges Prêtre. In March 2010, the orchestra announced the appointment of Stéphane Denève as its next principal conductor, starting with the 2011-2012 season. His initial contract was for 3 years. In June 2013, the orchestra announced the extension of Denève's contract through the 2015-2016 season. Denève concluded his tenure as chief conductor at the close of the 2015-2016 season, and was the final conductor to hold the title of chief conductor of the orchestra.
In June 2012, the SWR Broadcasting Council voted to approve a measure proposed by SWR Intendant Peter Boudgoust to merge the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra with the Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra, for ostensible reasons of budgetary limitations for two separate orchestras affiliated with the SWR. The SWR Broadcasting Council formally passed the measure in September 2012, with the merger of the two orchestras scheduled to occur in 2016. International protests at the proposal emerged. The orchestra gave its final concert on 28 July 2016 under the direction of Norrington, at the Royal Albert Hall as part of The Proms. The name of the new orchestra is SWR Symphonieorchester.
- Hans Müller-Kray (1948–1969)
- Sergiu Celibidache (1971–1977)
- Neville Marriner (1983–1989)
- Gianluigi Gelmetti (1989–1998)
- Roger Norrington (1998–2011)
- Stéphane Denève (2011–2016)
- Allan Kozinn (25 September 1994). "It All Started With Tunes From the Crypt". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
- Erica Jeal (2001-07-25). "Prom 4 (Royal Albert Hall, London)". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- "'Liebe auf den ersten Blick' - Stéphane Denève wird ab September 2011 neuer Chefdirigent beim RSO Stuttgart" (Press release). Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra. 3 March 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
- Götz Thieme (2011-09-22). "Am Pult des RSO steht nun ein Lockenkopf". Stuttgarter Zeitung. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- "Dirigent Denève bleibt bis 2016" (Press release). SWR. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-28. [dead link]
- Götz Thieme (2012-06-30). "Die Orchesterfusion rückt näher". Stuttgarter Zeitung. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- "Fusion der SWR-Orchester beschlossen: Rundfunkrat stimmte mit großer Mehrheit für die Vorlage des SWR". Südwestrundfunk. 2012-09-28. Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- Gerald Mertens (2014-03-03). "A united front against orchestral mergers". The Strad. Archived from the original on 2014-07-06. Retrieved 2014-06-28.
- Ivan Hewett (2016-07-29). "BBC Proms 2016: reviews of the best Proms so far". Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
- Andrew Clements (2007-07-06). "Mahler: Symphony No 2, Rubens/ Vermillion/ MDR Radio Choir Leipzig/ SWR Radio SO Stuttgart/ Norrington". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- Andrew Clements (2008-05-02). "Bruckner: Symphony No 3, Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orch/ Norrington". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- Andrew Clements (2009-01-16). "Rihm: Symphonies Nos 1 and 2; Nachtwach; Vers Une Symphonie Fleuve III; etc; SWR Vocalensemble/Creed/Stuttgart SWR Radio SO/Stockhammer/Gelmetti". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-17.
- Andrew Clements (2007-05-25). "Silvestrov: Symphony No 6, SWR Stuttgart Radio SO/ Boreyko". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-04-17.