Southeast Asian Games

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Southeast Asian Games
SEA Games logo.svg
Abbreviation SEA Games
First event 1959 SEAP Games in Bangkok, Thailand
Occur every 2 years (every odd year)
Purpose Multi sport event for nations on the Southeast Asian subcontinent
Headquarters Bangkok, Thailand
President Charouck Arirachakaran
Website www.seagfoffice.org

The Southeast Asian Games, also known as the SEA Games (SEAG), is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia. The games is under regulation of the Southeast Asian Games Federation with supervision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the Olympic Council of Asia.

History[edit]

The Southeast Asian Games owes its origins to the South East Asian Peninsular Games or SEAP Games. On 22 May 1958, delegates from the countries in Southeast Asian Peninsula attending the Asian Games in Tokyo, Japan had a meeting and agreed to establish a sport organisation. The SEAP Games was conceptualised by Luang Sukhum Nayaoradit, then Vice-President of the Thailand Olympic Committee. The proposed rationale was that a regional sports event will help promote co-operation, understanding and relations among countries in the Southeast Asian region.

Six countries, Burma (now Myanmar), Kampuchea (now Cambodia), Laos, Malaya (now Malaysia), Thailand and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) were the founding members. These countries agreed to hold the Games biennially in June 1959 and SEAP Games Federation Committee was formed thereafter.[1]

The first SEAP Games were held in Bangkok from 12–17 December 1959 comprising more than 527 athletes and officials from Thailand, Burma (now Myanmar), Malaya (now Malaysia), Singapore, South Vietnam and Laos participating in 12 sports.

At the 8th SEAP Games in 1975, the SEAP Federation considered the inclusion of Brunei, Indonesia and the Philippines. These countries were formally admitted in 1977, the same year when SEAP Federation changed their name to the Southeast Asian Games Federation (SEAGF), and the games were known as the Southeast Asian Games. East Timor was admitted at the 22nd Southeast Asian Games in Vietnam.

The 2009 Southeast Asian Games was the first time Laos has ever hosted a Southeast Asian Games (Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games citing financial difficulties). Running from 9–18 December, it has also commemorated the 50 years of the Southeast Asian Games, held in Vientiane, Laos.

[edit]

The Southeast Asian Games logo was introduced during the 1959 edition in Bangkok, depicting six rings that represent the six founding members and was used until the 1997 edition in Jakarta. The number of rings increased to 10 during the 1999 edition in Brunei to reflect the inclusion of Singapore which was admitted into the Southeast Asian Games Federation in 1961 and Brunei, Indonesia, and the Philippines which joined the organization in 1977. The number of rings was again increased to 11 during the 2011 games in Indonesia to reflect the federation's newest member, East Timor which was admitted in 2003.

Participating NOCs[edit]

NOC Names Formal Names Debuted IOC code Other codes used
 Brunei Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace 1977 BRU BRN (ISO)
 Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia 1961 CAM KHM (1972–1976, ISO)
 Indonesia Republic of Indonesia 1977 INA IHO (1952), IDN (FIFA, ISO)
 Laos Lao People's Democratic Republic 1959 LAO
 Malaysia Federation of Malaysia 1959 MAS MAL (1952 − 1988), MYS (ISO)
 Myanmar Republic of the Union of Myanmar 1959 MYA BIR (1948 – 1988), MMR (ISO)
 Philippines Republic of the Philippines 1977 PHI PHL (ISO)
 Singapore Republic of Singapore 1959 SGP SIN (1959 – 2016)
 Thailand Kingdom of Thailand 1959 THA
 Timor-Leste Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste 2003 TLS IOA (2000)
 Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam 1959 VIE VET (1964), VNM (1968–1976, ISO)

Host nations and cities[edit]

Since the Southeast Asian Games began in 1959, it has been held in 15 cities across all Southeast Asian countries except Cambodia and East Timor.

Games Year Host country Host city Opened by Office of opener Date Sports Events Nations Competitors Top-ranked team Ref
Southeast Asian Peninsular Games
1 1959  Thailand Bangkok Bhumibol Adulyadej King 12–17 December 12 N/A 6 518  Thailand (THA) [1]
2 1961  Burma Yangon Win Maung President 11–16 December 13 N/A 7 623  Burma (BIR) [2]
1963 Awarded to Cambodia, cancelled due to domestic political situation
3 1965  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ismail Nasiruddin Yang di-Pertuan Agong 14–21 December 14 N/A 6 963  Thailand (THA) [3]
4 1967  Thailand Bangkok Bhumibol Adulyadej King 9–16 December 16 N/A 6 984  Thailand (THA) [4]
5 1969  Burma Yangon Ne Win President 6–13 December 15 N/A 6 920  Burma (BIR) [5]
6 1971  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Abdul Halim Yang di-Pertuan Agong 6–13 December 15 N/A 7 957  Thailand (THA) [6]
7 1973  Singapore Singapore Benjamin Sheares President 1–8 September 16 N/A 7 1632  Thailand (THA) [7]
8 1975  Thailand Bangkok Bhumibol Adulyadej King 9–16 December 18 N/A 4 1142  Thailand (THA) [8]
Southeast Asian Games
9 1977  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Yahya Petra Yang di-Pertuan Agong 19–26 November 18 N/A 7 N/A  Indonesia (INA) [9]
10 1979  Indonesia Jakarta Suharto President 21–30 September 18 N/A 7 N/A  Indonesia (INA) [10]
11 1981  Philippines Manila Ferdinand Marcos President 6–15 December 18 N/A 7 ≈1800  Indonesia (INA) [11]
12 1983  Singapore Singapore Devan Nair President 28 May – 6 June 18 N/A 8 N/A  Indonesia (INA) [12]
13 1985  Thailand Bangkok Bhumibol Adulyadej King 8–17 December 18 N/A 8 N/A  Thailand (THA) [13]
14 1987  Indonesia Jakarta Suharto President 9–20 September 26 N/A 8 N/A  Indonesia (INA) [14]
15 1989  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Azlan Shah Yang di-Pertuan Agong 20–31 August 24 N/A 9 ≈2800  Indonesia (INA) [15]
16 1991  Philippines Manila Corazon Aquino President 24 November – 3 December 28 N/A 9 N/A  Indonesia (INA) [16]
17 1993  Singapore Singapore Wee Kim Wee President 12–20 June 29 N/A 9 ≈3000  Indonesia (INA) [17]
18 1995  Thailand Chiang Mai Vajiralongkorn Crown Prince 9–17 December 28 N/A 10 3262  Thailand (THA) [18]
19 1997  Indonesia Jakarta Suharto President 11–19 October 36 490 10 5179  Indonesia (INA) [19]
20 1999  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan 7–15 August 21 233 10 2365  Thailand (THA) [20]
21 2001  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Salahuddin Yang di-Pertuan Agong 8–17 September 32 391 10 4165  Malaysia (MAS) [21]
22 2003  Vietnam Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City Phan Văn Khải Prime Minister 5–13 December 32 442 11 ≈5000  Vietnam (VIE) [22]
23 2005  Philippines Manila Gloria Macapagal Arroyo President 27 November – 5 December 40 443 11 5336  Philippines (PHI) [23]
24 2007  Thailand Nakhon Ratchasima Vajiralongkorn Crown Prince 6–15 December 43 475 11 5282  Thailand (THA) [24]
25 2009  Laos Vientiane Choummaly Sayasone President 9–18 December 29 372 11 3100  Thailand (THA) [25]
26 2011  Indonesia Jakarta and Palembang Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono President 11–22 November 44 545 11 5965  Indonesia (INA) [26]
27 2013  Myanmar Naypyidaw Nyan Tun Vice President 11–22 December 37 460 11 4730  Thailand (THA) [27]
28 2015  Singapore Singapore Tony Tan President 5–16 June 36 402 11 4370  Thailand (THA) [28]
29 2017  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Muhammad V Yang di-Pertuan Agong 19–30 August 38 404 11 4709  Malaysia (MAS) [29]
30 2019  Philippines VariousA Rodrigo Duterte President 30 November – 11 December 56 530 11 5630  Philippines (PHI) [30]
31 2021  Vietnam Hanoi Future event 21 November — 2 December Future event
32 2023  Cambodia Phnom Penh Future event 5—15 May Future event
33 2025  Thailand Chonburi Future event

Note: A The 2019 Southeast Asian Games is the first officially decentralized games. While games were held in various cities, mostly in the Clark, Metro Manila and the Subic Bay areas, there is no designated host city for this edition alternately known as "Philippines 2019".


The 1963 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games were canceled. As the designated host, Cambodia was not able to host the event due to unsettling in-country conditions, along with a disagreement with the International Amateur Athletic Federation. The 3rd SEAP Games then passed to Laos as hosts, but they begged off the 1965 event citing financial difficulties.[2]

Sports[edit]

According to the SEAGF Charter and Rules, a host nation must stage a minimum of 22 sports: the two compulsory sports from Category 1 (athletics and aquatics), in addition to a minimum of 14 sports from Category 2, and a maximum of 8 sports from Category 3 (shaded grey in the table below). Each sport shall not offer more than 5% of the total medal tally, except for athletics, aquatics, and shooting. For each sport and event to be included, a minimum of four countries must participate in it. Sports competed in the Olympic Games and Asian Games must be given priority.[1][3]

Sport Years
Archery 1977–1997, since 2001
Arnis 1991, 2005, 2019
Athletics All
Badminton All
Baseball 2005–2007, 2011, since 2019
Basketball 1979–2003, 2007, since 2011
Billiards and snooker Since 1991
Bodybuilding 1987–1993, 1997, 2003–2007,
2013
Bowling 1977–1979, 1983–2001,
2005–2007, 2011, since 2015
Boxing All
Canoeing 1985, 1995, 2001, 2005–2007,
2011–2015, since 2019
Chess 2003–2005, 2011–2013, since 2019
Chinlone 2013 only
Contract bridge 2011 only
Cricket 2017 only
Cycling 1959-1979, since 1983
Dancesport 2005–2009, since 2019
Diving Since 1965
Duathlon Since 2019
eSports Since 2019
Equestrian 1983, 1995, 2001, 2005–2007,
2011–2017
Fencing 1974–1978, since 1986
Field hockey 1971–1979, 1983, 1987–1989,
1993–2001, 2007, 2013–2017
Figure skating Since 2017
Fin swimming 2003, 2009–2011
Floorball 2015, 2019
Football All
Futsal 2007, 2011–2013, 2017
Golf 1985–1997, 2001, since 2005
Gymnastics 1979–1981, 1985–1997,
2001–2007, 2011, since 2015
Handball 2005–2007
Beach handball Since 2019
Ice hockey Since 2017
Indoor hockey Since 2017
Ju-jitsu Since 2019
Judo 1967–1997, since 2001
Karate 1985–1991, 1995–1997,
2001–2013, 2017
Kenpō 2011–2013
Sport Years
Kickboxing Since 2019
Kurash Since 2019
Lawn bowls 1997, 2001, 2005–2007, Since 2017
Modern pentathlon Since 2019
Muay thai 2005–2009, 2013, Since 2019
Netball 2001, since 2015
Obstacle racing Since 2019
Paragliding 2011 only
Pencak silat 1987–1989, 1993–1997,
since 2001
Pétanque Since 2001
Polo 2007, Since 2017
Roller sports 2011 only
Rowing 1989–1991, 1997, 2001–2007,
2011–2015, since 2019
Rugby union 1969, 1977–1979, 1995, 2007
Rugby sevens Since 2015
Sailing 1961, 1967–1971, 1975–1977,
1983–1997, 2001, 2005–2007,
since 2011
Sambo Since 2019
Sepak takraw 1967–1969, since 1973
Shooting All
Short track speed skating since 2017
Shuttle cock 2007–2009
Skateboarding Since 2019
Sport climbing 2011 only
Softball 1981–1983, 1989, 2003–2005,
2011, 2015, since 2019
Soft tennis 2011, since 2019
Squash 1991–2001, 2005–2007,
since 2015
Swimming All
Surfing Since 2019
Synchronized swimming 2001, 2011, since 2015
Table tennis All
Taekwondo Since 1985
Tennis 1959–2011, since 2015
Traditional boat race 1993, 1997–1999,
2003–2007, 2011–2015
Triathlon 2005–2007, since 2015
Volleyball 1959–1997, since 2001
Vovinam 2011–2013
Water polo 1965–2017
Water skiing 1987, 1997, 2011, 2015–2017
Wakeboarding Since 2019
Weightlifting 1959–1997, 2001–2013, since 2017
Wrestling 1987, 1997, 2003–2013, since 2019
Wushu 1991–1993, 1997, since 2001

All-time medal table[edit]

Corrected after balancing the data of the Olympic Council of Asia and other archived sites which had kept the previous Southeast Asian Games medal tables. Some information from the aforementioned sites are missing, incorrect and or not updated.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

All-time Southeast Asian Games medal table[1]
Rank NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Thailand (THA) 1885 1930 1943 5758
2  Indonesia (INA) 1824 1703 1780 5307
3  Malaysia (MAS)[2] 1303 1273 1685 4261
4  Philippines (PHI) 1067 1193 1477 3737
5  Singapore (SGP) 947 1002 1363 3312
6  Vietnam (VIE)[3] 928 967 991 2886
7  Myanmar (MYA)[4] 564 741 992 2297
8  Cambodia (CAM)[5] 69 115 258 442
9  Laos (LAO) 69 93 319 481
10  Brunei (BRU) 14 55 163 232
11  East Timor (TLS) 3 6 26 35
Totals (11 NOCs) 8673 9078 10997 28748

  • ^[1] - 2017 Southeast Asian Games medal counts are not yet included in these medal standings due to ongoing doping cases during those games
  • ^[2] – Competed as Malaya in the inaugural games until 1961.
  • ^[3] – The Republic of Vietnam was dissolved in July 1976 when it merged with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to become the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, also known as Vietnam. Therefore, the medal counts for this country are considered to be as until 1975. In the 1989 edition, a unified Vietnam rejoined the games with a new name and flag. Medals won by South Vietnam are already combined here. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) does not use codes for South Vietnam anymore after the unification with North Vietnam.
  • ^[4] – Competed as Burma until 1987.
  • ^[5] – Competed as Kampuchea, and Khmer Republic.

List of multiple Southeast Asian Games medalists[edit]

Various individuals have won multiple medals at the Games, including the preceding Southeast Asian Peninsular Games.

As of 2019, Singaporean swimmer Joscelin Yeo has won the most Southeast Asian Games medals with 55 (40 gold, 12 silver, 3 bronze). She reached this milestone during the 2005 Games, overtaking the previous record of 39 gold medals set by another Singaporean swimmer Patricia Chan.

Criticism[edit]

The games is unique in that it has no official limits to the number of sports to be contested, and the range can be decided by the organizing host pending approval by the Southeast Asian Games Federation. Aside from core sports that must be featured, the host is free to drop or introduce other events.[11]

This leeway has resulted in hosts maximizing their medal hauls by dropping sports disadvantageous to themselves relative to their peers and the introduction of obscure sports, often at short notice, thus preventing most other nations from building credible opponents. Examples of these include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "South East Asian Games Federation: Charter and Rules" (PDF). SEAGF. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  2. ^ "History of the SEA Games". www.olympic.org.my. Archived from the original on 17 December 2004. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
  3. ^ Ian De Cotta (5 June 2015). "A cool addition to the SEA Games". Today Online. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  4. ^ "South East Asian Games Medal Count". Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  5. ^ SEAP Games Federation
  6. ^ Medal Tally 1959-1995
  7. ^ Medal Tally
  8. ^ History of the SEA Games
  9. ^ SEA Games previous medal table
  10. ^ SEA Games members
  11. ^ Pattharapong Rattanasevee (21 July 2017). "Southeast Asian Games yet to win gold for sporting spirit". South China Morning Post.
  12. ^ Sports. "VietNamNet - SEA Games or a village festival | SEA Games or a village festival". English.vietnamnet.vn. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  13. ^ HS Manjunath (10 December 2013). "Cambodia eye record medal haul". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  14. ^ "4 new sports we can now watch in 2017 SEA Games". Red Bull. Retrieved 29 August 2017.

External links[edit]