Simpson Street station

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 Simpson Street
 "2" train"5" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Simpson Street Station.jpg
Station house as viewed from the street
Station statistics
Address Simpson Street & Westchester Avenue
Bronx, NY 10459
Borough The Bronx
Locale Longwood, Foxhurst
Coordinates 40°49′26″N 73°53′35″W / 40.824°N 73.893°W / 40.824; -73.893Coordinates: 40°49′26″N 73°53′35″W / 40.824°N 73.893°W / 40.824; -73.893
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT White Plains Road Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights (all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: Bx4, Bx4A, Bx5, Bx11, Bx19, Bx27, Bx35
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened November 26, 1904; 114 years ago (1904-11-26) (3rd Ave. Line; Bergen Avenue By-pass)
July 10, 1905; 114 years ago (1905-07-10) (White Plains Rd. Line)
Station code 430[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Traffic
Passengers (2018) 2,585,974[2]Decrease 12.8%
Rank 182 out of 424
Station succession
Next north Freeman Street: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Next south Intervale Avenue: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north East 180th Street: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Third Avenue–149th Street: 2 all times5 all times except rush hours in the peak direction and late nights

Simpson Street Subway Station and Substation #18 (IRT)
IRT Substation 18 (South Side).JPG
The accompanying IRT Substation #18 at 1043 Simpson Street less than one block north of the subway station.
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference # 04001027[3]
Added to NRHP September 17, 2004

Simpson Street is a local station on the IRT White Plains Road Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue in the Longwood neighborhood of the Bronx, it is served by the 2 train at all times, and the 5 train at all times except late nights and rush hours in the peak direction.

History[edit]

The initial segment of the IRT White Plains Road Line opened on November 26, 1904 between East 180th Street and Jackson Avenue. Initially, trains on the line were served by elevated trains from the IRT Second Avenue Line and the IRT Third Avenue Line. Once the connection to the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened on July 10, 1905, trains from the newly opened IRT subway ran via the line.[4][5][6]

On June 13, 1949, the platform extensions at this station, as well as those on White Plains Road Line stations between Jackson Avenue and 177th Street, opened. The platforms were lengthened to 514 feet (157 m) to allow full ten-car express trains to platform. Previously the stations could only platform six-car local trains.[7] Third Avenue Line service ended on May 12, 1955.[8][9] The station was renovated in the early 2000s.

This station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on September 17, 2004,[3] along with the Westchester-Simpson Street Substation, also known as IRT Substation #18.[10]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound local "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (Intervale Avenue)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (Intervale Avenue)
Peak-direction express "5" train does not stop here (rush hours, peak direction only) →
Northbound local "2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street (Freeman Street)
"5" train toward Eastchester–Dyre Avenue except PM rush and nights (Freeman Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
G Street level Exit/entrance
Handicapped/disabled access Uptown elevator at SW corner of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue; downtown elevator at NW corner
The station during a snowfall

This station has two side platforms and three tracks. The center express track is used by the 5 train during rush hours in the peak direction. To the north, the line curves from Westchester Avenue to Southern Boulevard. The IRT Pelham Line (6 and <6>​ trains), which curves above Westchester Avenue five blocks northeast of this station, is visible from the east end of the platforms.

Both platforms have cream-colored windscreens and red canopies. Both platforms also have green outlines, frames, and support columns in their center and green waist-high, ornament-style steel fences at either ends with several lampposts. The station's signs are in the standard black name plates with white Helvetica lettering.

Exits[edit]

Due to the tracks' low height above ground, both station houses are at platform level and there are no crossovers or crossunders. Elevators from the street to each platform make this station ADA-accessible. The station's elevators were installed in August 1989, making the station one of the earliest to comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

The southbound platform (for trains headed to Manhattan) has a station house that is staffed full-time and contains several sets of doors leading to the small waiting area from the platform, a turnstile bank, token booth, two staircases going down to either northern corners of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue, and one elevator going down to the northeast corner. A high exit-only turnstile on either side of the station house leads directly to one of the street stairs from the platform.[11]

The northbound platform's station house is unstaffed, containing several sets of doors leading to the small waiting area from the platform, a bank of three turnstiles, two staircases going down to either southern corners of Simpson Street and Westchester Avenue, and one elevator going down to the southwest corner. It had a customer assistance booth until April 2010. A high exit-only turnstile on either side of the station house leads directly to one of the street stairs from the platform.[11]

Artwork[edit]

The 2006 artwork here is called What We Build is Not Permanent, We Are Not What We Build by Lisa Amowitz. It consists of stained glass panels on the platform windscreens and station houses with the theme with renewing or rebuilding what has died or fallen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
  4. ^ "Discuss Signs In 18th St. Station; Engineer Parsons and Mr. Hedley Inspect Advertising Scheme. Bronx Viaduct Works Well Delays There Only Those of Newness -Lenox Avenue Service Makes Fuss Below Ninety-sixth Street" (PDF). Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  5. ^ Kahn, Alan Paul (January 1, 1973). Tracks of New York /. New York : Electric Railroaders' Association.
  6. ^ "SUBWAY TRAINS RUNNING FROM BRONX TO BATTERY; West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight. START WITHOUT A HITCH Bowling Green Station Also Opened -- Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter" (PDF). Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  7. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949.
  8. ^ Salisbury, Harrison E. (May 13, 1955). "Cars Are Packed For Last 'El' Trip — 3d Ave. Salutes With Raised Glasses as Train Makes Noisy and Slow Journey" (PDF). New York Times. p. 16. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  9. ^ Katz, Ralph (May 13, 1955). "Last Train Rumbles On Third Ave. 'El'" (PDF). New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  10. ^ Simpson Street Subway Station and Substation #18 (IRT) (NRHP)
  11. ^ a b

External links[edit]