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Ramraiyas, also referred to as Ram Raiyas, are an Indian sect that follow Baba Ram Rai, the excommunicated eldest son of Guru Har Rai (1630–61).[1]

Ram Rai was sent by his father as an emissary to the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi. Aurangzeb objected to a verse in the Sikh scripture (Asa ki Var) that stated, "the clay from a Musalman's grave is kneaded into potter's lump", considering it an insult to Islam. Baba Ram Rai explained that the text was miscopied and modified it, substituting "Musalman" with "Beiman" (faithless, evil) which Aurangzeb approved.[2][3] The willingness to change a word led Guru Har Rai to bar his son from his presence, and name his younger son as his successor. Aurangzeb responded by granting Baba Ram Rai a jagir (land grant) in Garhwal region (Uttarakhand). The town later came to be known as Dehradun, after Dehra referring to Baba Ram Rai's shrine.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rām Rāiyā, Encyclopedia Britannica
  2. ^ Ram Rai, Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Editor in Chief: Harbans Singh, Punjab University
  3. ^ a b Louis E. Fenech; W. H. McLeod (2014). Historical Dictionary of Sikhism. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 260–261. ISBN 978-1-4422-3601-1.

External links[edit]