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Portal:Indiana

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Introduction

Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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Amish buggy offering tourist rides in Shipshewana, Indiana.
The Amish (Amisch or Amische, /ˈɑːmɪʃ/) are an Anabaptist Christian denomination, formed in 1693 by Swiss Mennonites led by Jacob Amman. They live in the United States and Canada and are divided into several major groups. The Old Order Amish use horses for farming and transportation, dress in a traditional manner, and forbid electricity or telephones in the home. Church members do not join the military, apply for Social Security benefits, take out insurance or accept any form of financial assistance from the government. Beachy Amish and New Order Amish groups have fewer restrictions; some permit cars and electricity, and members may be difficult to distinguish from the general North American population, whom they refer to as "English".

There are Old Order communities in 21 states; Ohio has the largest population (55,000), followed by Pennsylvania (39,000) and Indiana (37,000). The largest Amish settlements are in Holmes County, Ohio, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and LaGrange, Indiana.

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Beck's Mill, before restoration
Credit: C. Bedford Crenshaw
Beck's Mill, one of the last Indiana grain mills still standing, was reopened in 2008.

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Benjamin Harrison
Benjamin Harrison (August 20, 1833 – March 13, 1901) was the 23rd President of the United States, serving one term from 1889 to 1893. He had previously served as a senator from Indiana. His administration is best known for a series of legislation including the McKinley Tariff and federal spending that reached a billion dollars. Democrats attacked the "Billion Dollar Congress" and defeated the GOP in 1890 and defeated Harrison's bid for reelection in 1892. A grandson of President William Henry Harrison and great-grandson of Benjamin Harrison V, Benjamin was born in North Bend, Hamilton County, Ohio as the second of eight children of John Scott Harrison and Elizabeth Ramsey Irwin.

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Downtown Indianapolis
Indianapolis is the capital city of the State of Indiana, and the county seat of Marion County, Indiana. According to the 2000 Census, its population is listed as 791,926, making it Indiana's most populous city, the 13th largest city in the U.S. and the third largest city in the Midwest. A city that has managed to escape a Rust Belt reputation, Indianapolis is well known as a city with a strong sports reputation, having hosted major events such as the 1987 Pan American Games, the NCAA Basketball Tournament and is perhaps most famous for annually hosting the Indianapolis 500. Common nicknames for Indianapolis include the Circle City, Indy, and the Crossroads of America.

State facts

The State of Indiana
Flag of Indiana State seal of Indiana
Flag of Indiana Seal
Nickname(s):
The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official language English
Capital Indianapolis
Largest city Indianapolis
Largest metro Indianapolis-Carmel MSA
Area Ranked 38th
 • Total 36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 • Width 140 miles (225 km)
 • Length 270 miles (435 km)
 • % water 1.5
 • Latitude 37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 • Longitude 84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
Population Ranked 15th
 • Total 6,080,485
 • Density 169.5/sq mi  (65.46/km2)
Ranked 16th
Elevation
 • Highest point Hoosier Hill[1]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 • Mean 689 ft  (210 m)
 • Lowest point Ohio River[1]
320 ft (98 m)
Admission to Union December 11, 1816 (19th)
Governor Eric Holcomb (R) (2017)
Lieutenant Governor Suzanne Crouch (R) (2017)
Legislature Indiana General Assembly
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Joe Donnelly (D)
Todd Young (R)
U.S. House delegation List
Time zones  
 • 80 counties Eastern UTC-5/-4
 • 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
Central: UTC-6/-5
ISO 3166 US-IN
Abbreviations IN
Website www.in.gov

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Thomas Riley Marshall
Money will accomplish much in business, love and war but it isn't worth a cent in nature.... You could take the golden eagles of America and put them in the alfalfa fields of Indiana and you would not get a single blade more of grass.

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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86

  1. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-06.