List of largest daily changes in the Dow Jones Industrial Average

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This is a list of the largest daily changes in the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

Largest point changes[edit]

The first four tables show only the largest one-day changes between a given day's close and the close of the previous trading day,[1][2] not the largest changes during the trading day (i.e. intraday changes). The two largest point drops in history occurred the week of February 5, 2018 as the short VIX trades imploded, though this chiefly reflects the absolute magnitude of the Index at the time; in percentage terms, it doesn't have as much significance as in the past.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average was first published in 1896, but the firms listed at that time were of course in existence before then, therefore the index can be calculated going back to 2 May 1881.[3] A loss of just over 24 percent on 5 May 1893 from 39.90 to 30.02 signaled the apex of the stock effects of the Panic of 1893; the 2008-9 crash was a 61.8 percent plunge that began on October 11, 2007 and lasted until the closing low on March 9, 2009.[4]

Largest daily point gains[5]
Rank Date Close Change Ref 
Net %
1 2018-12-26 22,878.45 +1,086.25 +4.98 [6]
2 2008-10-13 9,387.61 +936.42 +11.08
3 2008-10-28 9,065.12 +889.35 +10.88
4 2019-01-04 23,433.16 +746.94 +3.29 [7]
5 2018-03-26 24,202.60 +669.40 +2.84 [8]
6 2015-08-26 16,285.51 +619.07 +3.95
7 2018-11-28 25,366.42 +617.70 +2.50 [9]
8 2018-02-06 24,912.77 +567.02 +2.33 [10]
9 2008-11-13 8,835.25 +552.60 +6.67
10 2018-10-16 25,798.42 +547.87 +2.17 [11]
11 2018-11-07 26,180.30 +545.29 +2.13 [12]
12 2019-06-04 25,332.18 +512.40 +2.06 [13]
13 2000-03-16 10,630.61 +499.19 +4.93
14 2009-03-23 7,775.86 +497.48 +6.84
15 2008-11-21 8,046.42 +494.14 +6.54
16 2011-11-30 12,045.68 +490.05 +4.24
17 2002-07-24 8,191.29 +488.95 +6.35
18 2008-09-30 10,850.66 +485.21 +4.68
19 2002-07-29 8,711.88 +447.48 +5.41
20 2019-02-15 25,883.25 +443.86 +1.74 [14]
Largest daily point losses[5]
Rank Date Close Change  Ref
Net %
1 2018-02-05 24,345.75 −1,175.21 −4.60 [15]
2 2018-02-08 23,860.46 −1,032.89 −4.15 [16]
3 2018-10-10 25,598.74 −831.83 −3.15 [17]
4 2019-08-14 25,479.42 −800.49 −3.05 [18]
5 2018-12-04 25,027.07 −799.36 −3.10 [19]
6 2008-09-29 10,365.45 −777.68 −6.98 [20]
7 2019-08-05 25,717.74 −767.27 −2.90 [21]
8 2008-10-15 8,577.91 −733.08 −7.87 [22]
9 2018-03-22 23,957.89 −724.42 −2.93 [23]
10 2001-09-17 8,920.70 −684.81 −7.13
11 2008-12-01 8,149.09 −679.95 −7.70
12 2008-10-09 8,579.19 −678.92 −7.33
13 2018-02-02 25,520.96 −665.75 −2.54 [15]
14 2019-01-03 22,686.22 −660.02 −2.83 [24]
15 2018-12-24 21,792.20 −653.17 −2.91 [25]
16 2011-08-08 10,809.85 −634.76 −5.55
17 2000-04-14 10,305.78 −617.78 −5.66
18 2019-05-13 25,324.99 −617.38 −2.38 [26]
19 2016-06-24 17,400.75 −610.32 −3.39 [27]
20 2018-10-24 24,583.42 −608.01 −2.41 [28]

Largest percentage changes[edit]

Largest daily percentage gains[5]
Rank Date Close Change
Net %
1 1933-03-15 62.10 +8.26 +15.34
2 1931-10-06 99.34 +12.86 +14.87
3 1929-10-30 258.47 +28.40 +12.34
4 1932-09-21 75.16 +7.67 +11.36
5 2008-10-13 9,387.61 +936.42 +11.08
6 2008-10-28 9,065.12 +889.35 +10.88
7 1987-10-21 2,027.85 +186.84 +10.15
8 1932-08-03 58.22 +5.06 +9.52
9 1932-02-11 78.60 +6.80 +9.47
10 1929-11-14 217.28 +18.59 +9.36
11 1931-12-18 80.69 +6.90 +9.35
12 1932-02-13 85.82 +7.22 +9.19
13 1932-05-06 59.01 +4.91 +9.08
14 1933-04-19 68.31 +5.66 +9.03
15 1931-10-08 105.79 +8.47 +8.70
16 1932-06-10 48.94 +3.62 +7.99
17 1939-09-05 148.12 +10.03 +7.26
18 1931-06-03 130.37 +8.67 +7.12
19 1932-01-06 76.31 +5.07 +7.12
20 2009-03-23 7,775.86 +497.48 +6.84
Largest daily percentage losses[5]
Rank Date Close Change
Net %
1 1987-10-19 1,738.74 −508.00 −22.61
2 1929-10-28 260.64 −38.33 −12.82
3 1929-10-29 230.07 −30.57 −11.73
4 1929-11-06 232.13 −25.55 −9.92
5 1899-12-18 58.27 −5.57 −8.72
6 1932-08-12 63.11 −5.79 −8.40
7 1907-03-14 76.23 −6.89 −8.29
8 1987-10-26 1,793.93 −156.83 −8.04
9 2008-10-15 8,577.91 −733.08 −7.87
10 1933-07-21 88.71 −7.55 −7.84
11 1937-10-18 125.73 −10.57 −7.75
12 2008-12-01 8,149.09 −679.95 −7.70
13 2008-10-09 8,579.19 −678.92 −7.33
14 1917-02-01 88.52 −6.91 −7.24
15 1997-10-27 7,161.14 −554.26 −7.18
16 1932-10-05 66.07 −5.09 −7.15
17 2001-09-17 8,920.70 −684.81 −7.13
18 (tie) 1931-09-24 107.79 −8.20 −7.07
18 (tie) 1933-07-20 96.26 −7.32 −7.07
20 1914-07-30 71.42 −5.30 −6.91

Some sources (including the file Highlights/Lowlights of The Dow on the Dow Jones website) show a loss of −24.39% (from 71.42 to 54.00) on December 12, 1914, placing that day atop the list of largest percentage losses. The New York Stock Exchange reopened that day following a nearly four-and-a-half-month closure since July 30, 1914, and the Dow in fact rose several percent that day (from 71.42 to 74.56, or +4.4%). However, the apparent decline was due to a later 1916 revision of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which retroactively adjusted the values following the closure but not those before, and it represents the only discontinuity in the index’s history rather than an actual loss.[29][30]

Largest intraday point swings[edit]

A point swing is the difference between the intraday high and the intraday low. (The intraday high may not be the same as the opening price; for instance, in the 2010 Flash Crash, the market reached an intraday high, higher than the opening price.)[31]

This is distinguished from an intraday point drop or gain, which is the difference between the opening price and the intraday low or high.

This table shows the largest intraday point swings since 1987.[32] As the "Net Change" column shows, 12 of these 20 largest intraday swings occurred during days on which the Dow declined, while only 8 occurred during days on which it advanced. Four of the six largest intraday swings occurred during one week in February 2018, and none of the top 20 occurred before the year 2008. At the time, during the height of the 2008 crisis, nine of the ten largest intraday swings ever (and 15 of the top 20) occurred over a single span of trading days between September 29, 2008, and December 1, 2008.

Rank Date Close Day high Day low Point swing Net change
1 2018-02-05 24,345.75 25,520.53 23,923.88 1,596.65 −1,175.21
2 2018-02-06 24,912.77 24,946.23 23,778.74 1,167.49 +567.02
3 2018-12-26 22,878.45 22,878.92 21,712.53 1,166.39 +1,086.25
4 2015-08-24 15,871.35 16,459.75 15,370.33 1,089.42 −588.40
5 2018-02-08 23,860.46 24,903.68 23,849.23 1,054.45 −1,032.89
6 2018-02-09 24,190.90 24,382.14 23,360.29 1,021.85 +330.44
7 2008-10-10 8,451.19 8,901.28 7,882.51 1,018.77 −128.00
8 2010-05-06 10,520.32 10,879.76 9,869.62 1,010.14 −347.80
9 2008-10-13 9,387.61 9,427.99 8,462.18 965.81 +936.42
10 2018-10-29 24,442.92 25,040.58 24,122.23 918.35 −245.39
11 2008-11-13 8,835.25 8,876.59 7,965.42 911.17 +552.59
12 2008-10-28 9,065.12 9,082.08 8,174.73 907.35 +889.35
13 2018-12-19 23,693.33 24,057.34 23,162.64 894.70 −351.98
14 2018-12-27 23,138.89 22,267.42 23,138.82 871.47 +260.37
15 2008-10-09 8,579.19 9,448.14 8,579.19 868.95 −678.91
16 2018-12-21 22,445.37 23,254.59 22,396.34 858.25 −414.23
17 2018-10-10 25,598.74 26,441.73 25,593.65 848.08 −831.83
18 2008-10-16 8,979.26 9,013.27 8,197.67 815.60 +401.35
19 2018-12-04 25,027.07 25,773.12 25,008.11 799.36 −799.36[19]
20 2008-10-06 9,955.50 10,322.76 9,525.32 797.44 −369.88

Largest intraday point changes[edit]

Largest intraday point gains

An intraday point gain is defined as the difference between the opening price (which may or may not be the intraday low) and the intraday high. This is distinguished from a point swing, which is defined as the difference between the intraday high and the intraday low. Such records that turned negative are also recorded in a separate list. The opening price is used to calculate the point gain. The previous day close is used to calculate the net change.

Rank Date Open Day
high
Point
gain
Net
change
1 2018-12-26 21,857.73 22,878.92 1,021.19 +1,086.25
2 2008-10-13 8,462.42 9,427.99 965.57 +936.42
3 2008-10-28 8,178.72 9,082.08 903.36 +889.35
4 2015-08-26 15,676.26 16,303.75 627.49 +619.07
5 2018-02-06 24,345.75 24,946.23 600.48 +567.02
6 2008-11-13 8,281.14 8,876.59 595.45 +552.59
7 2011-08-11 10,729.85 11,278.90 558.96 +423.37
8 2008-11-24 8,048.09 8.599.02 550.93 +396.97
9 2008-11-21 7,552.37 8,071.75 519.38 +494.13
10 2002-07-24 7,698.46 8,202.02 503.56 +488.95
11 2009-03-23 7,279.25 7,780.72 501.47 +497.48
12 2008-09-30 10,371.58 10,868.90 497.32 +485.21
13 2000-03-16 10,139.58 10,632.46 492.88 +499.19
14 2011-11-30 11,559.27 12,045.68 486.41 +490.05
15 2008-09-18 10,609.01 11,076.44 467.43 +410.03
16 2001-04-18 10,226.88 10,687.14 460.26 +399.10
17 2008-09-19 11,027.51 11,483.05 455.54 +368.75
18 2010-05-10 10,386.18 10,835.17 448.99 +404.71
19 2002-07-29 8,267.99 8,711.88 443.89 +447.49
20 2008-10-16 8,577.04 9,013.27 436.23 +401.35
Largest intraday point drops

An intraday point drop is defined as the difference between the opening price (which may or may not be the intraday high) and the intraday low. This is distinguished from a point swing, which is defined as the difference between the intraday high and the intraday low. Such records that turned positive are also recorded in a separate list. The opening price is used to calculate the point drop. The previous day close is used to calculate the net change.

Rank Date Open Day
low
Point
Drop
Net
change
1 2018-02-05 25,520.96 23,923.88 1,597.08 −1,175.21
2 2015-08-24 16,459.75 15,370.33 1,089.42 −588.40
3 2018-02-08 24,902.30 23,849.23 1,044.12 −1,032.89
4 2010-05-06 10,868.12 9,869.62 998.50 −347.80
5 2018-10-10 26,441.73 25,593.65 848.08 −831.83
6 2008-10-06 10,322.52 9,525.32 800.06 −369.88
7 2008-10-15 9,301.91 8,530.12 780.87 −733.08
8 2008-09-29 11,139.62 10,365.45 777.68 −777.68
9 2018-04-06 24,373.60 23,738.20 767.02 −572.46
10 2018-04-02 24,076.60 23,344.52 758.59 −458.92
11 2018-03-22 24,526.61 23,938.74 743.57 −724.42
12 2019-08-05 26,259.20 25,523.38 735.82 −961.63
13 2001-09-17 9,580.32 8,883.40 722.11 −684.81
14 2000-04-14 10,922.85 10,201.53 722.01 −617.78
15 2008-10-22 9,027.85 8,335.30 698.36 −514.45
16 2008-10-10 8,568.67 7,882.51 696.68 −128.00
17 2008-12-01 8,826.89 8,141.36 687.68 −679.95
18 2011-08-08 11,433.93 10,809.85 624.08 −634.76
19 2018-10-11 25,518.39 24,899.77 618.62 −545.91
20 2018-02-02 26,061.79 25,490.66 571.13 −665.75

Largest intraday point changes with turnovers[edit]

Largest intraday point gains that turned negative

These are the largest intraday point gains that closed in negative territory at the end of the trading session. In order to be considered an intraday point gain, the intraday high must be above the previous day closing price, while the opening price is used to calculate intraday highs.

Rank Date Open Day
high
Close Highest
points
1 2015-08-25 15,882.27 16,312.94 15,666.44 430.67
2 2008-10-14 9,388.97 9,794.37 9,310.99 405.40
3 2018-02-07 24,892.87 25,293.96 24,893.35 400.13
4 2008-10-10 8,568.67 8,901.28 8,451.19 332.61
5 2008-10-03 10,483.96 10,796.26 10,325.38 312.30
6 2008-10-17 8,975.35 9,281.12 8,852.22 305.77
7 2008-10-29 9,062.33 9,363.32 8,990.96 300.99
8 2019-08-01 26,879.86 27,175.59 26,583.42 295.73
9 2018-06-27 24,283.11 24,569.02 24,117.59 285.91
10 2018-02-21 24,988.06 25,267.99 24,797.78 279.93
11 2015-01-13 17,645.02 17,923.01 17,613.68 277.99
12 1999-04-19 10,493.89 10,765.74 10,440.53 271.85
13 2014-12-16 17,173.07 17,427.44 17,068.87 254.37
14 2008-09-02 11,545.63 11,790.17 11,516.92 244.54
15 2019-05-17 25,719.95 25,948.74 25,764.00 228.79
16 2008-10-27 8,375.92 8,599.10 8,175.77 223.18
17 2008-11-10 8,946.60 9,159.58 8,870.54 212.98
18 2008-01-30 12,480.14 12,681.41 12,442.83 201.27
19 2015-09-17 16,738.08 16,933.43 16,674.74 195.35
20 2000-04-04 11,225.34 11,418.24 11,164.84 192.90
Largest intraday point losses that turned positive

These are the largest intraday point losses that closed in positive territory at the end of the trading session. In order to be considered an intraday point loss, the intraday low must be below the previous day closing price, while the opening price is used to calculate intraday lows.

Rank Date Open Day
low
Close Lowest
points
1 2018-02-09 23,992.67 23,360.29 24,190.90 632.38
2 2018-12-10 24,360.95 23,881.37 24,423.26 479.58
3 2008-10-16 8,577.04 8,197.67 8,979.26 379.37
4 2008-01-23 11,969.08 11,644.81 12,270.17 324.27
5 2008-11-13 8,281.14 7,965.42 8,835.25 315.72
6 2018-02-06 24,085.17 23,778.74 24,912.77 306.43
7 2019-05-10 25,763.72 25,469.86 25,942.37 293.86
8 2008-10-23 8,519.77 8,243.55 8,691.25 276.22
9 2018-11-15 25,061.48 24,787.79 25,354.56 273.69
10 2008-12-05 8,376.08 8,118.50 8,635.42 257.58
11 2011-10-04 10,651.44 10,404.49 10,808.71 246.95
12 2011-08-05 11,383.98 11,139.00 11,444.61 244.98
13 2018-02-15 25,047.82 24,809.42 25,200.37 238.40
14 2008-03-13 12,096.49 11,875.78 12,145.74 220.71
15 2011-08-26 11,149.82 10,929.20 11,284.54 220.62
16 2015-07-07 17,684.92 17,465.68 17,776.91 219.24
17 2008-12-12 8,563.10 8,347.81 8,629.68 215.29
18 1989-08-02 2,637.33 2,426.33 2,657.44 211.00
19 2011-08-09 10,810.91 10,604.07 11,239.77 206.84
20 2009-01-15 8,196.24 7,995.13 8,212.49 201.11

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]