List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions

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This is a list of countries by total greenhouse gas (GHG) annual emissions in 2016, 2017 and 2018. It is based on data for carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, perfluorocarbon, hydrofluorocarbon, and sulfur hexafluoride emissions compiled by the World Resources Institute.[1][failed verification] The table below separately provides emissions data calculated on the basis of production, respectively consumption of goods and services in each country. The data does not include emissions from land-use, land-use change and forestry. The unit used is megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e). All countries which are party to the Paris Agreement report their greenhouse gas inventories at least biennially from 2024.[2]

List of countries by production-based and consumption-based emissions[edit]

Country Production-based emissions
(MtCO2e) 2017[citation needed]
Level of
global total
(%) 2017[citation needed]
Production-based emissions

MtCO2e 2018[3][failed verification]

Consumption-based emissions

(Global Carbon Project)

MtCO2e 2016[4]

World 45261.2516 100.00%
 China (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by China) 12454.7110 27.51% 12700 8801
 United States (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United States) 6673.4497 14.75% 6570 5716
 European Union (EU28, including the United Kingdom) 4224.5217 9.33% 4166
 India (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by India) 2379.1668 6.43%

2870

2217
 Russia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Russia) 2199.1173 4.86% 2670 1381
 Japan (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Japan) 1353.3473 2.99% 1310 1411
 Brazil 1017.8745 2.25% 1050 524
 Germany 894.0570 1.98% 910 887
 Indonesia 744.3403 1.64% 506
 Canada (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Canada) 738.3825 1.63% 575
 Mexico 733.0104 1.62% 718 528
 Iran 716.8149 1.58% 876 572
 South Korea 673.5412 1.49% 732 634
 Australia (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Australia) 580.0997 1.28% 378
 Saudi Arabia 546.8181 1.21% 623
 United Kingdom (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by the United Kingdom) 546.2641 1.20% 557
 South Africa 510.2377 1.13% 337
 France 440.8485 0.97% 447
 Italy 420.8244 0.93% 458
 Turkey (see: Greenhouse gas emissions by Turkey) 408.4574 0.90% 450
 Ukraine 375.6670 0.83%
 Thailand 369.4310 0.82%
 Poland 361.1905 0.80%
 Argentina 334.2374 0.74%
 Pakistan 326.7740 0.72%
 Kazakhstan 313.7248 0.69%
 Spain 306.6117 0.68%
 Nigeria 304.0637 0.67%
 Malaysia 303.1518 0.67%
 Iraq 284.5679 0.63%
 Egypt 272.3785 0.60%
 Venezuela 268.4274 0.59%
 Vietnam 256.7606 0.57%
 Uzbekistan 225.7986 0.50%
 United Arab Emirates 221.4243 0.49%
 Kuwait 195.7803 0.43%
 Algeria 187.2679 0.41%
 Netherlands 186.7775 0.41%
 Philippines 171.6044 0.38%
 Bangladesh 163.6298 0.36%
 Colombia 159.5837 0.35%
 Angola 155.7220 0.34%
 Libya 133.0112 0.29%
 Ethiopia 123.3709 0.27%
 Czech Republic 120.9859 0.27%
 Belgium 113.4088 0.25%
 Turkmenistan 112.2850 0.25%
 Romania 109.4851 0.24%
 Chile 103.5626 0.23%
 Oman 101.7895 0.22%
 Myanmar 98.7527 0.22%
 Belarus 90.4979 0.20%
 Israel 89.5907 0.20%
 Greece 86.9692 0.19%
 Peru 86.2102 0.19%
 Cameroon 83.2755 0.18%
 Qatar 82.8463 0.18%
 Morocco 78.8839 0.17%
 Austria 78.4743 0.17%
 Tanzania 77.9457 0.17%
 New Zealand 75.0919 0.17%
 Azerbaijan 69.7221 0.15%
 Syria 65.8195 0.15%
 North Korea 63.8065 0.14%
 Finland 63.5322 0.14%
 Portugal 62.0311 0.14%
 Kenya 60.1371 0.13%
 Ireland 59.2123 0.13%
 Serbia 59.0182 0.13%
 Ecuador 58.2656 0.13%
 Hungary 56.9204 0.13%
 Bulgaria 54.8549 0.12%
 Singapore 52.9509 0.12%
 Denmark 52.8873 0.12%
  Switzerland 51.5705 0.11%
 Sweden 50.8451 0.11%
 Zambia 50.1033 0.11%
 Central African Republic 49.2281 0.11%
 Bolivia 46.8039 0.10%
 Norway 46.5925 0.10%
 Cuba 46.5085 0.10%
 Afghanistan 44.4157 0.10%
 Slovakia 40.3202 0.09%
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 39.5590 0.09%
 Mongolia 38.6367 0.09%
 Sri Lanka 38.3764 0.08%
 Paraguay 37.5747 0.08%
   Nepal 36.0311 0.08%
 Tunisia 35.6478 0.08%
 Yemen 35.5020 0.08%
 Uruguay 34.0277 0.08%
 Bahrain 33.4062 0.07%
 Uganda 33.3506 0.07%
 Dominican Republic 33.1665 0.07%
 Ivory Coast 31.9609 0.07%
 Ghana 30.8917 0.07%
 Jordan 30.8217 0.07%
 Mali 29.1982 0.06%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 28.4488 0.06%
 Chad 28.4407 0.06%
 Mozambique 27.4629 0.06%
 Zimbabwe 27.4014 0.06%
 Cambodia 27.0972 0.06%
 Lebanon 26.9435 0.06%
 Guatemala 26.6116 0.06%
 Niger 26.6106 0.06%
 Madagascar 26.4428 0.06%
 Trinidad and Tobago 25.8122 0.06%
 Senegal 25.4859 0.06%
 Burkina Faso 23.5054 0.05%
 Croatia 23.4770 0.05%
 Estonia 23.3476 0.05%
 Honduras 21.1110 0.05%
 Equatorial Guinea 20.7597 0.05%
 Lithuania 19.3235 0.04%
 Brunei 19.0151 0.04%
 Slovenia 18.0226 0.04%
 Panama 17.0885 0.04%
 Guinea 16.4436 0.04%
 Papua New Guinea 16.4336 0.04%
 Kyrgyzstan 15.4959 0.03%
 Georgia 14.7952 0.03%
 Nicaragua 14.0877 0.03%
 Costa Rica 13.7952 0.03%
 Botswana 12.9246 0.03%
 Latvia 12.6443 0.03%
 Benin 12.1686 0.03%
 North Macedonia 12.0650 0.03%
 El Salvador 11.5955 0.03%
 Laos 11.4916 0.03%
 Moldova 11.4641 0.03%
 Luxembourg 11.2914 0.02%
 Namibia 11.2817 0.02%
 Mauritania 11.1908 0.02%
 Tajikistan 10.2444 0.02%
 Malawi 10.1260 0.02%
 Belize 9.6848 0.02%
 Jamaica 9.5010 0.02%
 Armenia 8.5935 0.02%
 Albania 8.3078 0.02%
 Haiti 8.0637 0.02%
 Gambia 7.4691 0.02%
 Gabon 7.3587 0.02%
 Republic of the Congo 6.9438 0.02%
 Cyprus 6.9364 0.02%
 Sierra Leone 6.7302 0.01%
 Eritrea 6.6813 0.01%
 Rwanda 6.6307 0.01%
 Togo 6.5823 0.01%
 Mauritius 5.6704 0.01%
 Lesotho 4.2026 0.01%
 Guyana 4.0547 0.01%
 Barbados 3.5448 0.01%
 Bahamas 3.4083 0.01%
 Montenegro 3.3881 0.01%
 Suriname 3.3542 0.01%
 Burundi 3.0465 0.01%
 Malta 2.9785 0.01%
 Iceland 2.9290 0.01%
 Eswatini 2.8598 0.01%
 Fiji 2.7564 0.01%
 Liberia 2.1519 0.00%
 Grenada 2.0022 0.00%
 Guinea-Bissau 1.9723 0.00%
 Bhutan 1.4583 0.00%
 Djibouti 1.3934 0.00%
 Maldives 1.1360 0.00%
 Saint Lucia 1.1330 0.00%
 Antigua and Barbuda 1.0993 0.00%
 Seychelles 0.7113 0.00%
 Vanuatu 0.6735 0.00%
 Cape Verde 0.6000 0.00%
 Solomon Islands 0.5595 0.00%
 Samoa 0.5099 0.00%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.4262 0.00%
 Tonga 0.4116 0.00%
 Comoros 0.4038 0.00%
 Palau 0.3576 0.00%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.2753 0.00%
 Dominica 0.2399 0.00%
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.1887 0.00%
 Cook Islands 0.1092 0.00%
 Niue 0.0912 0.00%
 Kiribati 0.0844 0.00%
 Nauru 0.0498 0.00%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT) Version 2.0. (Washington, DC: World Resources Institute, 2014)". World Resources Institute. Archived from the original on 2016-05-26. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
  2. ^ "NDC reporting: making the Paris Agreement Transparency Framework work". Energy Post. 2019-07-19.
  3. ^ https://www.wri.org/resources/data-visualizations/greenhouse-gas-emissions-over-165-years
  4. ^ "Global Carbon Budget 2019 | Carbon Portal". Global Carbon Project. doi:10.18160/GCP-2019 Source data in megatonnes of carbon (MtC), converted in MtCO2e using the suggested multiplication factor of 3.664