Landtag of Baden-Württemberg

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Landtag of Baden-Württemberg

Landtag von Baden-Württemberg
15th Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
Coat of arms of Baden-Württemberg
Logo
Established 1952
Leadership
President of the Landtag
Vice President
Structure
Seats 143
ParliamentBW 2018.svg
Political groups
Government:

Opposition:

  •      SPD (19)
  •      AfD (18)
  •      FDP (12)
  •      Independent (4)
Elections
Last election
13 March 2016
Next election
March 2021
Meeting place
Landtag Baden-Württemberg 2013 03.jpg
Stuttgart

The Landtag of Baden-Württemberg is the state diet of the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg. It convenes in Stuttgart and currently consists of 143 members of five political parties. The majority before the 2016 election was a coalition of the Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD), supporting the cabinet of Green Minister-President Winfried Kretschmann. The current majority coalition is of the Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) and the CDU.

Current Composition[edit]

After the elections of 13 March 2016, the composition of the Landtag is as follows:

Party Seats
Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) 47
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 43
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 19
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 18
Free Democratic Party (FDP/DVP)[1] 12
Independent 4

Elections are conducted using a proportional representation system, with a minimum of 5% vote share to receive any seats. However, there are some exceptions, making the Baden-Württemberg election system one of the most complicated in Germany.[2]

The main difference in their electoral system compared to the federal Bundestag is that there are no list members, making all members local. Proportionality is maintained by parties awarding remaining seats to candidates within a party who didn't win a geographic district, ordered by most to least popular (e.g. a candidate losing with 47% of the vote would be placed ahead of a candidate losing with 20% of votes in their district).

This does mean that a candidate who placed second within their district isn't guaranteed a seat, if other losers in their party were more popular and if their party only needs a small number of seats to maintain proportionality.

Presidents of the Landtag[edit]

So far, the presidents of the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg have been:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ In Baden-Württemberg the FDP faction in the Landtag is called FDP/DVP for historical reasons [1]
  2. ^ Neumann, Edgar (16 August 2007). "Landtagspräsident will vier Wahlkreise gestrichen werden" [Parliament President wants four districts eliminated]. Pforzheimer Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2008.
  3. ^ Dearden, Lizzie (12 May 2016). "First Muslim woman elected as speaker in German state parliament". The Independent. London.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°46′43″N 9°11′01″E / 48.77861°N 9.18361°E / 48.77861; 9.18361