Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
Landtag of Baden-Württemberg
Landtag von Baden-Württemberg
|15th Landtag of Baden-Württemberg|
President of the Landtag
|13 March 2016|
The Landtag of Baden-Württemberg is the state diet of the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg. It convenes in Stuttgart and currently consists of 143 members of five political parties. The majority before the 2016 election was a coalition of the Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD), supporting the cabinet of Green Minister-President Winfried Kretschmann. The current majority coalition is of the Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen) and the CDU.
After the elections of 13 March 2016, the composition of the Landtag is as follows:
|Alliance '90/The Greens (Die Grünen)||47|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||43|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||19|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||18|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP/DVP)||12|
Elections are conducted using a proportional representation system, with a minimum of 5% vote share to receive any seats. However, there are some exceptions, making the Baden-Württemberg election system one of the most complicated in Germany.
The main difference in their electoral system compared to the federal Bundestag is that there are no list members, making all members local. Proportionality is maintained by parties awarding remaining seats to candidates within a party who didn't win a geographic district, ordered by most to least popular (e.g. a candidate losing with 47% of the vote would be placed ahead of a candidate losing with 20% of votes in their district).
This does mean that a candidate who placed second within their district isn't guaranteed a seat, if other losers in their party were more popular and if their party only needs a small number of seats to maintain proportionality.
Presidents of the Landtag
So far, the presidents of the Landtag of Baden-Württemberg have been:
- 1952–1960 Carl Neinhaus, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1960–1968 Franz Gurk, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1968–1976 Camill Wurz, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1976–1980 Erich Ganzenmüller, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1980–1982 Lothar Gaa, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1982–1992 Erich Schneider, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1992–1996 Fritz Hopmeier, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 1996–2011 Peter Straub, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 2011 Willi Stächele, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 2011–2015 Guido Wolf, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 2015-2016 Wilfried Klenk, Christian Democratic Union (CDU)
- 2016–present Muhterem Aras, Alliance 90/The Greens
- 2011 Baden-Württemberg state election
- 2016 Baden-Württemberg state election
- Baden Landtag elections in the Weimar Republic (1919–1929)
- Württemberg Landtag elections in the Weimar Republic (1919-1932)
- In Baden-Württemberg the FDP faction in the Landtag is called FDP/DVP for historical reasons 
- Neumann, Edgar (16 August 2007). "Landtagspräsident will vier Wahlkreise gestrichen werden" [Parliament President wants four districts eliminated]. Pforzheimer Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 31 May 2008.
- Dearden, Lizzie (12 May 2016). "First Muslim woman elected as speaker in German state parliament". The Independent. London.
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