Fédération Internationale d'Escrime

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Fédération Internationale d'Escrime
International Fencing Federation logo.svg
Sport Fencing
Founded November 29, 1913; 106 years ago (1913-11-29)
President Alisher Usmanov
Countries 157
Headquarters Switzerland Lausanne
Official website fie.org
Headquarters of the FIE at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime (English: International Fencing Federation), commonly known by the acronym FIE, is the international governing body of Olympic fencing. Today, its head office is at the Maison du Sport International in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 157 national federations,[1] each of which is recognized by its country's Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.

Since its inception in 1913, there have been fourteen different presidents. The current president of the federation is Alisher Usmanov.

History[edit]

Allegory of fencing by Václav Česák, presented to the Olympic Museum by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime in celebration of its centenary

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime is the heir of the Société d'encouragement de l'escrime founded in France in 1882, which took part in the global movement of structuring sport.[2] The first international fencing congress was held in Brussels, Belgium in 1897 at the instigation of the Fédération belge des cercles d'escrime, followed by another one in Paris in 1900.[3] At this occasion the Société organised one of the first international fencing events; French, Italian, Spanish, and Belgian fencers attended the competition.[4] Dissensions rapidly arose between epeists and foilists, which held the majority at the Société. The third congress held in Brussels in 1905 voted the creation of an international fencing committee whose mission would be of fostering friendship amongst all fencers, establishing national rules, and supporting the organization of fencing competitions.[5] The 3rd congress also adopted the French rules as the basis for upcoming international competitions. New tensions appeared, this time between France and Italy, about the regulatory weapon grip. They led to the boycott by France of the fencing events of the 1912 Olympic Games.[6] A new international congress was called together in Ghent, Belgium, in July 1913. The main matter was the adoption of international regulations for each of the three weapons. The French rules were adopted in épée and foil; the Hungarian rules were chosen for sabre.[7] Frenchman René Lacroix also campaigned for the creation of an international fencing federation.

The Fédération Internationale d'Escrime was founded on November 29, 1913, in the conference rooms of the Automobile Club de France in Paris.[8] The nine founding nations were Belgium, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), France, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, and Norway. Albert Feyerick, president of the Federation of fencing clubs of Belgium, was elected as the first president. The FIE held its first congress on June 23, 1914 and accepted the adhesion of seven new countries: Austria, Denmark, Monaco, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, and the United States.[9]

Events[edit]

Competitions organized by the FIE include the senior World Championships and World Cup, the Junior World Championships and Junior World Cup, the Cadets World Championships and the Veterans World Championships. The FIE delegates to regional confederations the organization of the zone championships.

The FIE assists the International Olympic Committee in the organization of fencing events at the Summer Olympics. The number of events is a matter of contention between the FIE and the CIO since the introduction of women's sabre at the 1999 World Championships: since then, the World Championships feature twelve events–an individual and a team weapon for each of the three weapons, for men and for women. However, the CIO refuses to increase the number of Olympic medals allocated to fencing. After much dithering the FIE decided to organize all six individual events, but only four team events decided on a rotational basis. The two team events excluded from the Olympic programme, one for men and one for women, compete instead in World championships.[10]

People[edit]

Presidents of the FIE[edit]

A list of FIE presidents from 1913 to the present:[11]

Athletes[edit]

National federations[edit]

As of 2019, the FIE recognizes 157 affiliated national federations.[12]

Africa (CAE) America (CPE) Asia (FCA) Europe (CEE) Oceania (OFC)

Algeria Algeria
Angola Angola
Benin Benin
Botswana Botswana
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
Cameroon Cameroon
Cape Verde Cape Verde
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo
Egypt Egypt
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
Gabon Gabon
Ghana Ghana
Guinea Guinea
Kenya Kenya
Libya Libya
Madagascar Madagascar
Mali Mali
Morocco Morocco
Mauritania Mauritania
Mauritius Mauritius
Namibia Namibia
Niger Niger
Nigeria Nigeria
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
Rwanda Rwanda
Senegal Senegal
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
Somalia Somalia
South Africa South Africa
Togo Togo
Tunisia Tunisia
Uganda Uganda

Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina Argentina
Aruba Aruba
The Bahamas Bahamas
Barbados Barbados
Belize Belize
Bermuda Bermuda
Bolivia Bolivia
Brazil Brazil
Canada Canada
Chile Chile
Colombia Colombia
Costa Rica Costa Rica
Cuba Cuba
Dominica Dominica
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Ecuador Ecuador
El Salvador El Salvador
Guatemala Guatemala
Guyana Guyana
Haiti Haiti
Honduras Honduras
Jamaica Jamaica
Mexico Mexico
Nicaragua Nicaragua
Panama Panama
Paraguay Paraguay
Peru Peru
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
United States United States
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands
Uruguay Uruguay
Venezuela Venezuela

Afghanistan Afghanistan
Bangladesh Bangladesh
Bahrain Bahrain
Brunei Brunei
Cambodia Cambodia
Chinese Taipei Chinese Taipei
Hong Kong Hong Kong
India India
Indonesia Indonesia
Iran Iran
Iraq Iraq
Japan Japan
Jordan Jordan
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
Kuwait Kuwait
Lebanon Lebanon
Macau Macao
Myanmar Myanmar
Malaysia Malaysia
Mongolia Mongolia
Nepal Nepal
North Korea North Korea
Oman Oman
Palestinian National Authority Palestinian Territory
China People's Republic of China
Philippines Philippines
Qatar Qatar
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Singapore Singapore
South Korea South Korea
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Syria Syria
Thailand Thailand
Tajikistan Tajikistan
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
Vietnam Vietnam
Yemen Yemen

Albania Albania
Armenia Armenia
Austria Austria
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan
Belgium Belgium
Belarus Belarus
Bulgaria Bulgaria
Croatia Croatia
Cyprus Cyprus
Czech Republic Czech Republic
Denmark Denmark
Estonia Estonia
Finland Finland
France France
Georgia (country) Georgia
Germany Germany
United Kingdom Great Britain
Greece Greece
Hungary Hungary
Republic of Ireland Ireland
Iceland Iceland
Israel Israel
Italy Italy
Latvia Latvia
Lithuania Lithuania
Luxembourg Luxembourg
Malta Malta
Moldova Republic of Moldova
Monaco Monaco
North Macedonia North Macedonia
Norway Norway
Netherlands Netherlands
Poland Poland
Portugal Portugal
Romania Romania
Russia Russia
San Marino San Marino
Serbia Serbia
Slovakia Slovakia
Slovenia Slovenia
Spain Spain
Sweden Sweden
Switzerland Switzerland
Turkey Turkey
Ukraine Ukraine

American Samoa American Samoa
Australia Australia
Guam Guam
New Zealand New Zealand
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
Samoa Samoa


Note: As of 7 July 2012, the Netherlands Antilles is still listed as an FIE Member nation and 146 member nations are listed on the FIE's membership page. However, after the country was dissolved, it lost its National Olympic Committee status in 2011. At the 2012 Olympics, athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles were eligible to participate as independent athletes under the Olympic flag (no fencers competed).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "INTERNATIONAL FENCING FEDERATION". www.fie.org.
  2. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 13
  3. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 15
  4. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 14
  5. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 17
  6. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 18
  7. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 19
  8. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 20
  9. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 38
  10. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, pp. 168–172
  11. ^ Ottogalli, Six and Théret 2014, p. 222
  12. ^ "List of the federations". Fédération Internationale d'Escrime. Retrieved 2013-04-01. [non-primary source needed]
  • Ottogalli, Cécile; Six, Gérard; Terret, Thierry (2013). L'Histoire de l'escrime. 1913–2013, un siècle de Fédération internationale d'escrime. Biarritz: Atlantica. ISBN 978-2-7588-0485-7. FIE100.

External links[edit]

Media related to Fédération Internationale d'Escrime at Wikimedia Commons