El Oro Province

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El Oro

Provincia de El Oro
Province of El Oro
Flag of El Oro
Official seal of El Oro
El Oro in Ecuador (+Galapagos).svg
Cantons of El Oro Province
Cantons of El Oro Province
Country Ecuador
Established April 23, 1884
Capital Machala
Cantons List of Cantons
 • Total 5,766.68 km2 (2,226.53 sq mi)
Highest elevation 3,590 m (11,780 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2010 census)
 • Total 600,659
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Population 2001
Time zone UTC-5 (ECT)
Area code(s) 07
Vehicle registration O
HDI (2017) 0.755[2]
high · 6th
Website www.eloro.gob.ec
Iglesia Parque Apartadero

El Oro (Spanish pronunciation: [el ˈoɾo] (About this soundlisten); oro = gold) is the southernmost of Ecuador's coastal provinces. It was named for its historically important gold production. Today it is one of the world's major exporters of bananas. The capital is Machala.


El Oro province is historically the major area of banana production in Ecuador.


To the north and east the province has borders with the provinces Guayas, Azuay and Loja. To the west and south it is limited by the Pacific Ocean and the Peruvian Tumbes Region.

The province is divided in 14 cantons and features a wide range of attractions, such as the Jambelí Islands, the petrified forest of the Puyango River, and the island of Santa Clara, to name a few.


  • Population 1990: 412,572
  • Population 2000: 525,763
  • Population 2010: 600,659

Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010:[3]


El Oro economy is mainly based on export of banana and shrimp. Other agricultural products of importance are cacao and coffee.


Unicameral government.


The province is divided into 14 cantons. The following table lists each with its population at the 2001 census, its area in square kilometres (km²), and the name of the canton seat or capital.[4]

Canton Pop. (2001) Area (km²) Seat/Capital
Arenillas 22,477 803 Arenillas
Atahualpa 5,479 278 Paccha
Balsas 5,348 69 Balsas
Chilla 2,665 328 Chilla
El Guabo 41,078 603 El Guabo
Huaquillas 40,285 72 Huaquillas
Las Lajas 4,781 297 La Victoria
Machala 217,696 338 Machala
Marcabelí 4,930 147 Marcabelí
Pasaje 62,959 452 Pasaje
Piñas 23,246 615 Piñas
Portovelo 11,024 282 Portovelo
Santa Rosa 60,388 889 Santa Rosa
Zaruma 23,407 645 Zaruma

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Provincia de El Oro". 2012-01-22. Archived from the original on 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2012-01-22.
  2. ^ Villalba, Juan. "Human Development Index in Ecuador". Scribd (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-02-05.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Cantons of Ecuador. Statoids.com. Retrieved 4 November 2009.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 3°16′00″S 79°58′00″W / 3.26667°S 79.9667°W / -3.26667; -79.9667