Catholic Church in Japan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Catholic Church in Japan is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome. There are approximately 509,000 Catholics in Japan—just under 0.5% of the total population.[1] There are 16 dioceses, including three archdioceses,[2] with 1589 priests and 848 parishes in the country.[1] The bishops of the dioceses form the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Japan, the episcopal conference of the nation.

The current Apostolic nuncio to Japan is Italian Archbishop Alberto Bottari de Castello. Archbishop Bottari de Castello is the Holy See's ambassador to Japan as well as its delegate to the local church.

Christianity was introduced to Japan by Portuguese explorers and missionaries, particularly the Jesuits, such as the Spaniard St. Francis Xavier and the Italian Alessandro Valignano. Portuguese Catholics also founded the city of Nagasaki, considered at its founding to be an important Christian center in the Far East, though this distinction is now obsolete. There is a modern Japanese translation of the whole Bible by Federico Barbaro, an Italian missionary. Nowadays, a large number of Japanese Catholics are ethnic Japanese from Brazil and Peru.

The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross, a personal ordinariate of the Catholic Church, has also begun to form in Japan, where it has presently 2 congregations.[3]



Episcopal Conference[edit]

The Catholic Bishops' Conference of Japan is the Japanese episcopal conference.

Dioceses by region[edit]

Province of Nagasaki[edit]

Province of Osaka[edit]

Province of Tokyo[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Catholic Hierarchy Directory
  2. ^ on the Catholic Church in Japan
  3. ^ "Ordinariate Community of St. Augustine of Canterbury". Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  4. ^ Röpke, Ian (1999). Historical Dictionary of Osaka and Kyoto. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810836228. 

External links[edit]