Catholic Church in Japan
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Worldwide distribution of Catholics
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The Catholic Church in Japan is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome. There are approximately 509,000 Catholics in Japan—just under 0.5% of the total population. There are 16 dioceses, including three archdioceses, with 1589 priests and 848 parishes in the country. The bishops of the dioceses form the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Japan, the episcopal conference of the nation.
The current Apostolic nuncio to Japan is Italian Archbishop Alberto Bottari de Castello. Archbishop Bottari de Castello is the Holy See's ambassador to Japan as well as its delegate to the local church.
Christianity was introduced to Japan by Portuguese explorers and missionaries, particularly the Jesuits, such as the Spaniard St. Francis Xavier and the Italian Alessandro Valignano. Portuguese Catholics also founded the city of Nagasaki, considered at its founding to be an important Christian center in the Far East, though this distinction is now obsolete. There is a modern Japanese translation of the whole Bible by Federico Barbaro, an Italian missionary. Nowadays, a large number of Japanese Catholics are ethnic Japanese from Brazil and Peru.
The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross, a personal ordinariate of the Catholic Church, has also begun to form in Japan, where it has presently 2 congregations.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2016)
Dioceses by region
Province of Nagasaki
Province of Osaka
Province of Tokyo
- Archdiocese of Tokyo
- Diocese of Niigata
- Diocese of Saitama
- Diocese of Sapporo
- Diocese of Sendai
- Diocese of Yokohama
- Christianity in Japan
- List of Saints from Asia
- History of Roman Catholicism in Japan
- Taro Aso
- Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan
- St. Lorenzo Ruiz
- Silence, the acclaimed historical novel by Shusaku Endo drawn from the oral histories of the "Hidden Christian" communities (Kakure Kirishitan and Hanare Kirishitan) that survived the 17th century state suppression of the Catholic Church in Japan.
- Fr. Chohachi Nakamura, the 1st Japanese missionary to work abroad, he emigrated to Brazil in 1923 to work on behalf of the Japanese living there. His process of beatification started in 2002.
- Our Lady of Akita
- Catholic Hierarchy Directory
- GCatholic.org on the Catholic Church in Japan
- "Ordinariate Community of St. Augustine of Canterbury". Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- Röpke, Ian (1999). Historical Dictionary of Osaka and Kyoto. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0810836228.