Catholic Church in Japan
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The Catholic Church in Japan is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome. In 2005, there were approximately 509,000 Catholics in Japan—just under 0.5% of the total population, and by 2014, there were around 440,000 Japanese Catholics. There are 16 dioceses, including three archdioceses, with 1589 priests and 848 parishes in the country. The bishops of the dioceses form the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Japan, the episcopal conference of the nation.
Christianity was introduced to Japan by the Jesuits, such as the Spaniard St. Francis Xavier and the Italian Alessandro Valignano. Portuguese Catholics founded the port of Nagasaki, considered at its founding to be an important Christian center in the Far East, though this distinction is now obsolete. There is a modern Japanese translation of the whole Bible by Federico Barbaro, an Italian missionary. Nowadays, a large number of Japanese Catholics are ethnic Japanese from Brazil and Peru.
The Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of the Southern Cross, a personal ordinariate within the Catholic Church originally created as a means for Anglicans to enter communion with Rome while maintaining their patrimony, has also begun to form in Japan. As of 2015, it has 2 congregations.
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Dioceses by region
Province of Nagasaki
Province of Osaka
Province of Tokyo
- Archdiocese of Tokyo
- Diocese of Niigata
- Diocese of Saitama
- Diocese of Sapporo
- Diocese of Sendai
- Diocese of Yokohama
- Christianity in Japan
- List of Saints from Asia
- History of the Catholic Church in Japan
- Tarō Asō
- Martyrdom of the 26 Saints of Japan
- St. Lorenzo Ruiz
- Silence, the acclaimed historical novel by Shūsaku Endō drawn from the oral histories of the "Hidden Christian" communities (Kakure Kirishitan and Hanare Kirishitan) that survived the 17th century state suppression of the Catholic Church in Japan.
- Fr. Chohachi Nakamura, the 1st Japanese missionary to work abroad, he emigrated to Brazil in 1923 to work on behalf of the Japanese living there. His process of beatification started in 2002.
- Our Lady of Akita
- Catholic Hierarchy Directory
- Catholic News Service (20 February 2014). "Bishops set out difficulties facing Japanese Catholics". Catholic Herald. Catholic Herald Limited. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
- GCatholic.org on the Catholic Church in Japan
- Apostolic Nunciature Japan
- "Ordinariate Community of St. Augustine of Canterbury". Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- Röpke, Ian (1999). Historical Dictionary of Osaka and Kyoto. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-3622-8.