California Air National Guard
|California Air National Guard|
Shield of the California Air National Guard
|Active||June 16, 1924 – Present|
|Country||United States of America|
United States of America
State of California
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Type||State militia, reserve forces|
|Role||"To organize, train, equip, and resource community based land forces to support state and/or federal authority"|
Air National Guard
California National Guard
|Garrison/HQ||9800 Goethe Road, Sacramento, CA 95826|
|Motto(s)||"Always Ready, Always There!"|
Brigadier General Gregory F. Jones
(Commander, California Air National Guard)
|Helicopter||HH-60G Pave Hawk|
|Reconnaissance||MQ-1 Predator (UAV)|
MC-130P Combat Shadow
C-130J Hercules (MAFFS)
As state militia units, the units in the California Air National Guard are not in the normal United States Air Force chain of command. They are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of California through the office of the California Adjutant General unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The California Air National Guard is headquartered in Sacramento, and its commander is currently[update] Brigadier General Gregory F. Jones.
Under the "Total Force" concept, California Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components (ARC) of the United States Air Force (USAF). California ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the California Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployment window.
Along with their federal reserve obligations, the California ANG is subject to activation by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, and preserve peace, order and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and forest fires, search and rescue, protection of vital public services, and support to civil defense.
In addition, the California State Military Reserve (CSMR) is an all-volunteer militia force under the California Military Department that provides reserve personnel to both the California Army National Guard and the California Air National Guard. It is under state jurisdiction and its members are employed only within the State of California. It is not subject to be called, ordered or assigned as any element of the federal armed forces. Its mission is to provide units organized, equipped and trained in the protection of life or property and the preservation of peace, order and public safety under competent orders of State authorities.
The California Air National Guard consists of the following major units:
- Established 3 April 1955; operates: MC-130P Combat Shadow; HH-60G Pave Hawk
- Stationed at: Moffett Air National Guard Base, Mountain View
- Gained by: Air Combat Command
- The members of the 129th have performed rescues under a variety of conditions - from rough Pacific seas to the rugged Sierra Nevada, using its combination of HC-130 tankers and HH-60 helicopters. Many high-risk lifesaving missions involved long-range, over-water flights, air refueling of helicopters by the HC-130 aircraft, and skilled maneuvering by ships and helicopters to recover patients from the decks of these vessels.
- Established 2 June 1948; operates: F-15 Eagle
- Stationed at: Fresno Air National Guard Base, Fresno with additional Alert Detachment at March Air Reserve Base, Riverside
- Gained by: Air Combat Command
- Provides air defense protection for California from the Mexican border to Oregon utilizing the F-15 Eagle.
- Established 16 June 1924 (as: 115th Observation Squadron); operates: C-130J Hercules (MAFFS)
- Stationed at: Channel Islands Air National Guard Station, Oxnard
- Gained by: Air Mobility Command
- The oldest unit of the CA ANG, the 146th AW provides global military airlift capability to a full spectrum of state and federal agencies.
- Established 9 November 1946 (as: 196th Fighter Squadron); operates: MQ-9 Reaper
- Stationed at: March Joint Air Reserve Base, Riverside
- Gained by: Air Combat Command/Air Education and Training Command
- Has 902 members of which roughly 220 are full-time. Currently in transition from a KC-135 Stratotanker air refueling mission to an MQ-1 Predator ISR wing, executing global unmanned aerial systems, combat support, and humanitarian missions.
- Established 13 May 1948; non-flying unit
- Stationed at: Beale Air Force Base, Marysville
- Gained by: Air Force Space Command
- Responsible for non-flying missions including electronic intelligence, communications, network warfare, space control, and administrative programs.
The California Air National Guard origins date to 28 August 1917 with the establishment of the 115th Aero Squadron as part of the World War I United States Army Air Service. The 115th served in France on the Western Front, constructed facilities and engaged in supply and related base support activities then after the 1918 Armistice with Germany was demobilized in 1919.
The Militia Act of 1903 established the present National Guard system, units raised by the states but paid for by the Federal Government, liable for immediate state service. If federalized by Presidential order, they fall under the regular military chain of command. On 1 June 1920, the Militia Bureau issued Circular No.1 on organization of National Guard air units.
The 115th Observation Squadron was established by the Militia Bureau on 5 April 1924, which authorized the immediate organization of the 115th Observation Squadron, 40th Division of Aviation, California National Guard. Initially the Unit held its meetings at Clover Field, Santa Monica, using Reserve Equipment planes for flying. Later on, the Squadron met at the National Guard Armory and also at the University of Southern California. In 1925, several months after its organization, the Squadron moved to permanent quarters at Griffith Park Aerodrome in Los Angeles. The 115th Observation Squadron was ordered into active United States Army Air Corps service on 3 March 1941 as part of the buildup of the Army Air Corps prior to the United States entry into World War II.
On 24 May 1946, the United States Army Air Forces, in response to dramatic postwar military budget cuts, imposed by President Harry S. Truman, allocated inactive unit designations to the National Guard Bureau for the formation of an Air Force National Guard. These unit designations were allotted and transferred to various State National Guard bureaus to provide them unit designations to re-establish them as Air National Guard units.
The modern California ANG received federal recognition on 1 July 1946 as the 62d Fighter Wing at Van Nuys Airport, Van Nuys. Its 115th Bombardment Squadron was equipped with A-26 Invader light bombers. On 16 September 1946, its 146th Fighter Group was also formed at Van Nuys, with several fighter squadrons equipped with F-51 Mustangs and its mission was the air defense of the state. 18 September 1947, however, is considered the California Air National Guard's official birth concurrent with the establishment of the United States Air Force as a separate branch of the United States military under the National Security Act
On 4 April 1948 the 61st Fighter Wing with its 144th Fighter Group was formed at Hayward Municipal Airport, Hayward. The 61st's mission was the air defense of Northern California, the 62d, Southern California.
Today, units of the CA ANG perform a homeland defense mission; worldwide airlift missions, aireal firefighting, combat search and rescue, and Unmanned Aireal (UAV) Reconnaissance missions. The 162d CCG also maintains tactical communications-electronic facilities, and provides tactical command and control communications services for operational commands supporting US military wartime contingencies.
After the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, elements of every Air National Guard unit in California has been activated in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Flight crews, aircraft maintenance personnel, communications technicians, air controllers and air security personnel were engaged in Operation Noble Eagle air defense overflights of major United States cities. In December 2007, after the grounding of F-15 fighters due to potential structural problems, the California Air National Guard assumed responsibility for defense of the western United States. This was the first time that a single state's fighter wing took responsibility of defense for an entire coast.
Retaliation against whistleblowers
On 6 April 2019, the Associated Press reported that Maj Gen Clay Garrison had been relieved of command of the California Air National Guard and replaced by Brig Gen Gregory Jones. According to the story, General Garrison's relief followed allegations that whistle blowers at Fresno had faced retaliation "by high-ranking officers" for reports of misconduct and mishandled investigations to protect perpetrators.
- "California State Military Reserve (CSMR)". ca.gov. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- "The Official Home Page of the U.S. Air Force". www.ca.ang.af.mil. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Air Force Magazine, June 2019, p. 74
- 163d Reconnaissance Wing website Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Ceremony to Mark Activation of Cal Guard’s 195th Wing, California Air National Guard, 16 October 2015
- ANG Chronology 1908-2007, see also Brief History of the Minnesota Air National Guard and the 133rd Airlift Wing, 1.
- "California State Militia and National Guard Unit Histories: 115th Observation Squadron". www.militarymuseum.org. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Rosenfeld, Susan and Gross, Charles J (2007), Air National Guard at 60: A History. Air National Guard history program AFD-080527-040 Archived 13 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- AP Staff writer, no byline (8 April 2019). "Commander out at California Air National Guard after boot urination scandal". Air Force Times. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- Tchekmedyian, Alene; Pringle, Paul (February 23, 2019). "California National Guard members tell lawmakers of misconduct, retaliation for whistleblowing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Tchekmedyian, Alene; Pringle, Paul (April 9, 2019). "Someone urinated in a female sergeant's boots. Now the California Air National Guard faces coverup allegations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Gross, Charles J (1996), The Air National Guard and the American Military Tradition, United States Dept. of Defense, ISBN 0160483026
- California Air National Guard website
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