Battle of Methven
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|Battle of Methven|
|Part of the First War of Scottish Independence|
|Kingdom of Scotland||Kingdom of England|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Robert I of Scotland||Aymer de Valence, 2nd Earl of Pembroke|
|4,500||3,000|
|Casualties and losses|
|4,000 dead||600 Dead or wounded|
The Battle of Methven took place at Methven, Scotland on 19 June 1306, during the Wars of Scottish Independence. The battlefield was researched to be included in the Inventory of Historic Battlefields in Scotland and protected by Historic Scotland under the Scottish Historical Environment Policy of 2009 but was excluded due to the uncertainty of its location.
In Scotland, Robert the Bruce was already engaged in a full-scale civil war with the family and friends of John Comyn. The coronation in March had given him some legitimacy; but overall the position was very uncertain. His wife, Elizabeth de Burgh, the daughter of the Earl of Ulster, and now queen of Scots, is reported to have said 'It seems to me we are but a summer king and queen whom children crown in their sport'.
Aymer de Valence, the English general acting for Edward I, moved quickly, and by the middle of summer he had made his base at Perth, where he was joined by many of the supporters of John Comyn. King Robert came from the west, ready to meet his foe in battle. He was prepared to observe on this occasion the gentlemanly conventions of feudal warfare, while the English adopted less orthodox tactics. Valence was invited to leave the walls of Perth and join Bruce in battle, but he declined. The king, perhaps believing that Valence's refusal to accept his challenge was a sign of weakness, retired only a few miles to nearby Methven, where he made camp for the night. Before dawn on 19 June, his army was taken by surprise and almost destroyed, because Bruce had accepted Valence at his word and failed to take the precaution of placing pickets around the camp. His entire army was routed.
Bishops William de Lamberton of St Andrews and Robert Wishart of Glasgow were quickly seized and taken south, and incarcerated in an English dungeon, saved only from execution by their clerical orders.
Bruce barely escaped and fled with a few followers to the Scottish Highlands.
- "Inventory battlefields". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Inventory of Historic Battlefields Research Report: Methven" (PDF). Historic Environment Scotland. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- "The Battle", Methven online
- Barbour, John, The Bruce, trans. G. Eyre-Todd, 1907.
- Barbour, John, The Bruce, trans. A. A. H. Duncan, 1964.
- Barrow, G.W. S., Robert Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland, 1964.
- Barron, E. M., The Scottish War of Independence, 1934.
- Hailes, Lord (David Dalrymple), The Annals of Scotland, 1776.
- Macnair-Scott, R., Robert Bruce, King of Scots, 1982.