Languages of the Balkans

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This is a list of languages spoken in regions ruled by Balkan countries. With the exception of several Turkic languages, all of them belong to the Indo-European family. A subset of these languages is notable for forming a well-studied sprachbund, a group of languages that have developed some striking structural similarities over time.

Indo-European languages[edit]


Hellenic languages[edit]

Indo-Aryan languages[edit]

Slavic languages[edit]

Eastern South Slavic[edit]

Transitional dialects[edit]

Western South Slavic[edit]

with a variety of dialects, main of which are:


Romance languages[edit]

Turkic languages[edit]

Extinct languages[edit]

These are extinct languages that were once spoken in the Balkans

See also[edit]