34th Street–Penn Station (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

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 34 Street–Penn Station
 "1" train"2" train"3" train
New York City Subway station
NYC subway Pennsylvania Pano.JPG
Northbound local platform
Station statistics
Address West 34th Street & Seventh Avenue
New York, NY 10001
Borough Manhattan
Locale Midtown
Coordinates 40°45′04″N 73°59′28″W / 40.751°N 73.991°W / 40.751; -73.991Coordinates: 40°45′04″N 73°59′28″W / 40.751°N 73.991°W / 40.751; -73.991
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M4, M7, M20, M34 SBS, M34A SBS, Q32, X17J, X22, X22A, X31
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM2
Bus transport Academy Bus: X23, X24
Railway transportation Amtrak, LIRR, NJT Rail (at Penn Station)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms (local)
1 island platform (express)
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened June 3, 1917; 101 years ago (1917-06-03)[1]
Station code 318[2]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 26,034,238[4]Decrease 6.2%
Rank 6 out of 425
Station succession
Next north Times Square–42nd Street: 1 all times2 all times3 all except late nights
Next south 28th Street (local): 1 all times2 late nights
14th Street (express): 2 all except late nights3 all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north Times Square–42nd Street: 1 all times2 all times3 all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south none: no regular service
Chambers Street: 1 all times2 all times3 all except late nights

34th Street–Penn Station is an express station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 34th Street and Seventh Avenue, it is served by the 1 and 2 trains at all times, and the 3 train at all times except late nights on weekdays. Connections are available to the LIRR, NJ Transit and Amtrak at Pennsylvania Station.

History[edit]

Track layout
to 28 St
to 14 St

34th Street–Penn Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was opened on June 3, 1917, as part of an extension of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, the dominant subway in Manhattan at the time, from Times Square–42nd Street to South Ferry.[1] It was served by a shuttle train to Times Square until the rest of the extension opened a year later on July 1, 1918.[5] This meant that the subway would be expanded down the Lower West Side to neighborhoods such as Greenwich Village and the western portion of the Financial District.

As part of this and the northern IRT Lexington Avenue Line extension, the IRT network would be radically changed from an S-shaped line connecting the eastern side of Lower Manhattan to the Upper West Side to an H-shaped network with two parallel lines, the East and West Side Lines, and a shuttle at 42nd Street connecting them.[5][6]

Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station, along with thirty-two other New York City Subway stations, will undergo a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, charging stations, improved signage, and improved station lighting. Unlike other stations that will be renovated under the initiative, 34th Street–Penn Station will not be completely closed during construction.[7] In January 2018, the NYCT and Bus Committee recommended that Judlau Contracting receive the $125 million contract for the renovations of 57th and 23rd Streets on the IND Sixth Avenue Line; 28th Street on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, and 34th Street–Penn Station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line.[8] However, the MTA Board temporarily deferred the vote for these packages after city representatives refused to vote to award the contracts.[9][10] The contract was put back for a vote in February, where it was ultimately approved.[11]

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Entrances/exits
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator on south side of 34th Street west of Seventh Avenue at LIRR entrance)
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "1" train toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street ("2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street late nights) (Times Square–42nd Street)
Northbound express "2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street (Times Square–42nd Street)
"3" train toward Harlem–148th Street (Times Square–42nd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue (14th Street)
"3" train toward New Lots Avenue (14th Street)
Southbound local "1" train toward South Ferry ("2" train toward Flatbush Avenue late nights) (28th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
M Mezzanine Connector between platforms
Trim line tablets
Name on trim line

Like 34th Street–Penn Station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, this station has two side platforms for local service and a center island platform for express service. This is due to the expected increase in ridership and to encourage riders to switch at the next stop northbound, Times Square–42nd Street, as it is set up in the usual island platform manner for cross-platform interchanges.[12]

There is no free transfer between this station and the station of the same name on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, despite the fact that both connect to Penn Station. The nearest transfer location is at Times Square–42nd Street with a free transfer to 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal.[12]

Exits[edit]

33rd Street Staircase

34th Street–Penn Station spans three streets (32nd, 33rd, and 34th Streets) with a set of entrances/exits at all of these streets. For the purposes of this article, entrance and exit are interchangeable.[13]

  • Handicapped/disabled access 34th Street: There are four entrances directly from the intersection of 34th Street and Seventh Avenue. On the local platforms the turnstiles for these exits are at platform level; passengers wishing to use the express platforms must use a passageway beneath the platforms and tracks. These entrances utilize the northern portions of the platforms. There is also a supplementary and handicapped-accessible entrance to the Penn Station complex in general from 34th Street.[13]
  • 33rd Street: There are three direct entrances from the street at 33rd Street and Seventh Avenue. As a replacement for the southwestern corner's lack of an entrance, there is an underground entrance directly connecting the station with the Long Island Rail Road concourse in the Penn Station complex. The turnstiles for this entrance are located below the track level and utilize the central portions of the platforms.[13]
  • 32nd Street: The main entrance to the Penn Station complex is located on the western end of 32nd Street. From there, passengers may go through the New Jersey Transit and Long Island Rail Road concourses and use the entrance to this station at the end of the latter's concourse. There is also a smaller exit from the station at the southern ends of the platforms that connects with the end of the New Jersey Transit concourse where it meets the Long Island Rail Road underneath the main corridor in the station that connects New Jersey Transit and Amtrak. There is also an entrance on the north side of 32nd Street between Seventh and Sixth Avenues.[13]

Ridership[edit]

34th Street–Penn Station on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line is continually ranked as one of the busiest stations in the subway system. In 2016, it was the fifth-busiest subway station, with 27,741,367 riders as recorded by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority.[4] By comparison, its sister station on the Eighth Avenue Line is ranked sixth-busiest, with 25,183,869 passengers.[4] When the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line station was a shuttle stop before the rest of the South Ferry extension opened, ridership was quite low; in its first year of operation, only 78,121 boardings were recorded.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened". New York Times. June 3, 1917. p. 33. 
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "Open new subway to regular traffic". New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Open new subway lines to traffic; called a triumph" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  7. ^ "Enhanced Station Initiative: CCM Pre-Proposal Conference" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 25, 2016. p. 8 (PDF page 15). Retrieved August 11, 2017. 
  8. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority (January 22, 2018). "NYCT/Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). p. 135. Retrieved January 19, 2018. 
  9. ^ Barone, Vincent (January 24, 2018). "Controversial cosmetic subway improvement plan falters". am New York. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  10. ^ Siff, Andrew (January 24, 2018). "MTA Shelves Plan to Modernize Subway Stations Amid Criticism". NBC New York. Retrieved 2018-01-25. 
  11. ^ "Foes Hit Gov's Station Fix Plan". NY Daily News. 2018-02-13. Retrieved 2018-02-23. 
  12. ^ a b "34th Street-Penn Station". NYCSubway.org. Retrieved August 27, 2008. 
  13. ^ a b c d "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pennsylvania Station / Times Square" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015. 
  14. ^ "1904-2006 ridership figures". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved August 28, 2008. 

External links[edit]