1957 Tour de France

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1957 Tour de France
Route of the 1957 Tour de France followed clockwise, starting in Nantes and finishing in Paris
Route of the 1957 Tour de France followed clockwise, starting in Nantes and finishing in Paris
Race details
Dates 27 June – 20 July
Stages 22
Distance 4,669 km (2,901 mi)
Winning time 135h 44' 42"
Results
Winner  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (France)
  Second  Marcel Janssens (BEL) (Belgium)
  Third  Adolf Christian (AUT) (Switzerland)

Points  Jean Forestier (FRA) (France)
  Mountains  Gastone Nencini (ITA) (Italy)
  Combativity  Nicolas Barone (FRA) (Île-de-France)
  Team France
← 1956
1958 →

The 1957 Tour de France was the 44th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 27 June to 20 July. It was composed of 22 stages over 4,669 km (2,901 mi).

The 1957 Tour was the first win for Jacques Anquetil, who won the Tour five times over his career.

The French national team was very successful in the 1957 Tour de France; not only did they provide the winning cyclist, they also won the team classification, and almost every daily team classification. They lost only one cyclist (the previous year's winner Roger Walkowiak), and had the stage winner 12 times. They had Forestier winning the points classification, and Bergaud second in the mountains classification. Only once they did not have the yellow jersey for the leader in the general classification, when Barone took it after the seventh stage.[1]

Changes from the previous Tour[edit]

The Tour organisation had a conflict with the French television, and as a results there had almost been no live television coverage of the 1957 Tour de France.[2] At the last moment the organisers and the television agreed on how much the television would pay for the right to cover the Tour, and the race was broadcast.[3] For the other journalist, the conditions improved: a mobile press room with modern communication equipment was installed, so the journalists had the best conditions to report.[4]

The cut-off time, which had been set at 10% of the winner in 1956, was reduced to 8% of the winner in 1957. In the seventh and eighth stage it would be 10% of the winner, while in stages 10, 11, 16, 17 and 18 the cut-off time would be 12% of the winner. In each stage, if the number of cyclists removed from the race would be more than 15% of the cyclists that started the stage, the cut-off time would be increased by 2%. The goal of this reduction in cut-off time was to make the race tougher.[5]

For the first time since the introduction of the national team format in 1930, the riders were allowed to have advertising on their jerseys.[6]

Teams[edit]

The teams entering the race were:

  • France
  • Belgium
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Spain
  • Luxembourg/Mixed
  • Switzerland
  • West
  • South-East
  • North-East/Centre
  • South-West
  • Île-de-France

Pre-race favourites[edit]

Pre-race favourites Charly Gaul (pictured in 1962) and Federico Bahamontes (pictured in 1962)

The route of the 1957 Tour de France contained many mountains, so mountain specialists Charly Gaul and Federico Bahamontes were considered favourites.[7] Gaul, had requested to ride in the Dutch team, but this was not allowed.[8]

Louison Bobet and Raphael Géminiani, two important French cyclists, did not race in 1957, so the French team needed new stars. The team was then built around young Jacques Anquetil, who had broken the hour record earlier that year.[9]

The riders who had been favourites in previous years had stopped (Fausto Coppi), had lost their greatness (Hugo Koblet), or had chosen not to participate (Louison Bobet). As a result, there was no outspoken favourite. Roger Walkowiak, who had won the previous edition, had not shown good results since. Charly Gaul had lost the 1957 Giro d'Italia when he was almost sure of winning it, so he was not considered to be in great form. Gastone Nencini, who won the 1957 Giro, was not considered constant enough. The Spanish team was considered the best Spanish team ever, but they were more favourite for the mountain classification than for the general classification. And the Belgian team was focussed around Jan Adriaensens.[10]

Route and stages[edit]

The 1957 Tour de France started on 27 June, and had two rest days, in Thonon-les-Bains and Barcelona,[11] although the second rest day had a short time trial of less than 10 km.[12]

Every stage had a winning cyclist (the cyclist who crossed the finish line first, or in case of a time trial who took the shortest time to complete the course) and a team that wins the daily team classification (the team of which the three best cyclists had the lowest accumulated time). The cyclist who wins the stage therefore is not always part of the team that wins the daily team classification. In 1957, the split stages were numbered differently: the third stage consisted of the team time trial and the stage from Caen to Rouen but they were not called 3a and 3b; the fifteenth stage was only the stage from Perpignan to Barcelona, and the short individual time trial was referred to as the time trial between stage 15 and 16, without number.

Stage characteristics and winners[13][11][14]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 27 June Nantes to Granville 204 km (127 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
2 28 June Granville to Caen 226 km (140 mi) Plain stage  René Privat (FRA)
3a 29 June Circuit de la Prairie, Caen 15 km (9.3 mi) Team time trial  France
3b Caen to Rouen 134 km (83 mi) Plain stage  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
4 30 June Rouen to Roubaix 232 km (144 mi) Plain stage  Marcel Janssens (BEL)
5 1 July Roubaix to Charleroi 170 km (110 mi) Plain stage  Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)
6 2 July Charleroi to Metz 248 km (154 mi) Plain stage  André Trochut (FRA)
7 3 July Metz to Colmar 223 km (139 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Roger Hassenforder (FRA)
8 4 July Colmar to Besançon 192 km (119 mi) Plain stage  Pierino Baffi (ITA)
9 5 July Besançon to Thonon-les-Bains 188 km (117 mi) Plain stage  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
6 July Thonon-les-Bains Rest day
10 7 July Thonon-les-Bains to Briançon 247 km (153 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Gastone Nencini (ITA)
11 8 July Briançon to Cannes 286 km (178 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  René Privat (FRA)
12 9 July Cannes to Marseille 239 km (149 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jean Stablinski (FRA)
13 10 July Marseille to Alès 160 km (99 mi) Plain stage  Nino Defilippis (ITA)
14 11 July Alès to Perpignan 246 km (153 mi) Plain stage  Roger Hassenforder (FRA)
15a 12 July Perpignan to Barcelona (Spain) 197 km (122 mi) Plain stage  René Privat (FRA)
15b 12 July Montjuïc circuit (Spain) 9.8 km (6.1 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
13 July Barcelona Rest day
16 14 July Barcelona (Spain) to Ax-les-Thermes 220 km (140 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jean Bourlès (FRA)
17 15 July Ax-les-Thermes to Saint-Gaudens 236 km (147 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Nino Defilippis (ITA)
18 16 July Saint-Gaudens to Pau 207 km (129 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Gastone Nencini (ITA)
19 17 July Pau to Bordeaux 194 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Pierino Baffi (ITA)
20 18 July Bordeaux to Libourne 66 km (41 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
21 19 July Libourne to Tours 317 km (197 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
22 20 July Tours to Paris 227 km (141 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
Total 4,669 km (2,901 mi)[15]

Race overview[edit]

General classification winner Jacques Anquetil taking his victory lap at the end of the Tour in the Parc des Princes in Paris

The first stage was won by André Darrigade, who had also won the first stage in the previous edition. The first stages were run in hot weather, and many cyclists had to give up. After six stages, there were only 83 cyclists remaining, from the 120 that started.[16] In the second stage, Darrigade's teammate Privat took over the yellow jersey. The Luxembourg favourite, Charly Gaul, abandoned on that stage[9] due to sickness.[13]

In the fifth stage, French cyclist Jacques Anquetil took the lead in the general classification, so in the sixth stage he wore the yellow jersey for the first time in his career.[16] It was too early in the race to defend that jersey, so two days later he allowed regional cyclist Nicolas Barone to take the yellow jersey. One day later the French national team took back the yellow jersey, when Jean Forestier took the lead by 15 minutes.[16]

In the ninth stage, Spanish climber Bahamontes abandoned.[13] In stage 10, the first mountain stage, Anquetil took the lead back. Although Gastone Nencini won the stage, Anquetil was only one and a half minute behind, which was enough. In the second mountain stage the riders remained calm, as the French team was superior and dominated the race.[16]

In the second part of the fifteenth stage, a short time trial of 10 km, Anquetil won his first time trial in the Tour de France.

In the Pyrenées from stage 16 to stage 18, the attack on Anquetil's leading position did not take place. In stage 16, the weather had turned bad, with coldness, rain, hail and fog, which made the course dangerous. Several cyclists fell: Nello Lauredi broke his wrist and abandoned the race, and Stanislas Bober had to abandon due to a shoulder injury.[16] The main victims of the bad weather were reporter Alex Virot[17] and his motor cyclist René Wagner, who fell from their motor; Virot died on the spot, and the motor cyclist on the way to the hospital. It was the only accident that Wagner ever had in his career.[18]

Bofore stage 18, the French team had the first three places in the general classification with Anquetil, Forestier and Mahé.[19] In stage 18, the last mountain stage, Anquetil was in good shape, and he attacked early on. But in the food zone he missed his food bag, and some time later he was out of energy. Several cyclists passed him, but later in the stage Anquetil got help and finished only two and a half minutes after the winner Nencini.[18]

Marcel Janssens and Adolf Christian were in the leading group, while Forestier and Mahé lost considerable time, so Janssens and Christian took the podium places.[16] Anquetil was still leading, and nobody doubted that he would win the race, especially because there was still an individual time trial coming up, Anquetil's specialty. And indeed, Anquetil won that time trial with a margin of more than two minutes.[16]

Classification leadership[edit]

The time that each cyclist required to finish each stage was recorded, and these times were added together for the general classification. If a cyclist had received a time bonus, it was subtracted from this total; all time penalties were added to this total. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.[20] Of the 120 cyclists that started the 1957 Tour de France, 56 finished the race.

The points classification in 1957 was calculated in the same way as since the introduction in 1953, following the calculation method from the Tours de France from 1905 to 1912. Points were given according to the ranking of the stage: the winner received one points, the next cyclist two points, and so on. These points were added, and the cyclist with the fewest points was the leader of the points classification. In 1957, this was won by Jean Forestier with 301 points.[13] Over 22 stages (including two split stages), this meant that his average stage finish was approximately place 14.

Points for the mountains classification were earned by reaching the mountain tops first.[21] The system was almost the same as in 1956: there were three types of mountain tops: the hardest ones, in category 1, gave 10 points to the first cyclist, the easier ones, in category 2, gave 6 points to the first cyclist, and the easiest ones, in category 3, gave 3 points. Gastone Nencini won this classification.[13]

The team classification was calculated as the sum of the daily team classifications, and the daily team classification was calculated by adding the times in the stage result of the best three cyclists per team.[22] It was won by the French team, with a large margin over the Italian team. The Luxembourg/Mixed team finished with only one cyclist, so they were not included in the team classification.

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the cyclist considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner. The decision was made by a jury composed of journalists who gave points. The cyclist with the most points from votes in all stages led the combativity classification.[23]Nicolas Barone won this classification, and was given overall the super-combativity award.[11]

Classification leadership by stage[24]
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification[n 1] Team classification Combativity Bad luck award
Award Classification
1 André Darrigade André Darrigade André Darrigade no award France Gastone Nencini Gastone Nencini François Mahé
2 René Privat René Privat Joseph Thomin René Privat René Privat Alcide Vaucher
3a France Roger Walkowiak Gianni Ferlenghi
3b Jacques Anquetil
4 Marcel Janssens Stanislas Bober Marcel Janssens Fred De Bruyne
5 Gilbert Bauvin Jacques Anquetil Joseph Thomin Daan de Groot Jacques Anquetil Roger Walkowiak
6 André Trochut André Trochut André Trochut Robert Gibanel
7 Roger Hassenforder Nicolas Barone Louis Bergaud Nicolas Barone Nino Defilippis
8 Pierino Baffi Jean Forestier Mario Bertolo Marcel Rohrbach
9 Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil Piet van Est
10 Gastone Nencini Jacques Anquetil Gastone Nencini Marcel Janssens Piet de Jong
11 René Privat Nello Lauredi Arigo Padovan
12 Jean Stablinski Louis Bergaud Henry Anglade Marcel Huot
13 Nino Defilippis Nicolas Barone Nicolas Barone Lothar Friedrich
14 Roger Hassenforder Pierre Ruby Nello Lauredi
15a René Privat Bernardo Ruiz
15b Jacques Anquetil
16 Jean Bourlès Wim van Est Marcel Queheille Joseph Thomin
17 Nino Defilippis Jean Forestier Michel Stolker Gastone Nencini
18 Gastone Nencini Gastone Nencini José Manuel Ribeiro da Silva Mario Bertolo
19 Pierino Baffi Pierino Baffi Mario Baroni
20 Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil Georges Gay
21 André Darrigade Henry Anglade Antonio Ferraz
22 André Darrigade Nicolas Barone Nicolas Barone Fernand Picot
Final Jacques Anquetil Jean Forestier Gastone Nencini France Nicolas Barone Fernand Picot

Final standings[edit]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[25]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) France 135h 44' 42"
2  Marcel Janssens (BEL) Belgium + 14' 56"
3  Adolf Christian (AUT) Switzerland + 17' 20"
4  Jean Forestier (FRA) France + 18' 02"
5  Jesus Loroño (ESP) Spain + 20' 17"
6  Gastone Nencini (ITA) Italy + 26' 03"
7  Nino Defilippis (ITA) Italy + 27' 57"
8  Wim Van Est (NED) Netherlands + 28' 10"
9  Jan Adriaensens (BEL) Belgium + 34' 07"
10  Jean Dotto (FRA) South-East + 36' 31"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[25]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Jean Forestier (FRA) France 301
2  Wim van Est (NED) Netherlands 317
3  Adolf Christian (AUT) Switzerland 366
4  Joseph Thomin (FRA) West 402
5  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) France 405
6  Fernand Picot (FRA) West 418
7  Jef Planckaert (BEL) Belgium 445
8  Désiré Keteleer (BEL) Belgium 460
9  Gastone Nencini (ITA) Italy 533
10  Gilbert Bauvin (FRA) France 573

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[25]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Gastone Nencini (ITA) Italy 44
2  Louis Bergaud (FRA) France 43
3  Marcel Janssens (BEL) Belgium 32
4  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) France 24
4  Jesus Loroño (ESP) Spain 24
6  Jan Adriaensens (BEL) Belgium 20
7  Henri Anglade (FRA) South-East 18
8  Marcel Queheille (FRA) South-West 17
 Jean Dotto (FRA) South-East
10  Jean Stablinski (FRA) France 16
 Marcel Rohrbach (FRA) North-East/Centre

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification[25]
Rank Team Time
1 France 405h 59' 08"
2 Italy + 1h 24' 36"
3 Belgium + 2h 24' 36"
4 Netherlands + 3h 43' 43"
5 West + 3h 51' 49"
6 North-East/Centre + 4h 38' 43"
7 Île-de-France + 4h 44' 40"
8 South-East + 4h 57' 50"
9 South-West + 5h 11' 25"
10 Switzerland + 5h 28' 32"
11 Spain + 5h 59' 00"

Combativity classification[edit]

Final combativity classification (1–10)[25]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Nicolas Barone (FRA) Île-de-France 218
2  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) France 161
3  Marcel Janssens (BEL) Belgium 126
4  Pierre Ruby (FRA) North-East/Centre 112
5  Gastone Nencini (ITA) Italy 111
6  Henry Anglade (FRA) South-East 106
7  Jean Stablinski (FRA) France 91
8  Marcel Queheille (FRA) South-West 80
9  René Privat (FRA) France 77
10  Michel Stolker (NED) Netherlands 70

Aftermath[edit]

Jacques Anquetil would later win the Tour de France four more times.

From 1960 to 1967, the "Alex Virot award" was given to the most loyal cyclist, named after the journalist who died during the 1957 Tour de France.[26][27]

Further reading[edit]

  • Poulssen, Will J. (1957). Tour de France 1957. Marathon.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ No jersey was awarded to the leader of the mountains classification until a white jersey with red polka dots was introduced in 1975.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anquetil was de veelzijdigste renner; Darrigade eerste in Parc des Princes" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 22 July 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  2. ^ Thompson, p.283
  3. ^ "Franse televisie zendt toch Tour de France uit" (in Dutch). 25 June 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  4. ^ Thompson, p.45
  5. ^ "Bepalingen Ronde van Frankrijk verscherpt" (in Dutch). 13 April 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  6. ^ Dauncey, Hugh; Hare, Geoff (2003). The Tour de France, 1903-2003: a century of sporting structures, meanings, and values. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5362-4.
  7. ^ Velo news, Volume 36, Edition 11. Inside Communications, Inc. 2007. p. 162.
  8. ^ "Formatie Tour-ploeg geen groot probleem" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 20 June 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  9. ^ a b Barry Boyce (2004). "Maitre Jacques' Decisive Debut". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  10. ^ "Etappe-wedstrijd nog 200 km langer; bergetappes zijn dit jaar zeer zwaar" (in Dutch). 25 June 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  11. ^ a b c Augendre 2016, p. 48.
  12. ^ "Tour de France 1957 langs andere route" (in Dutch). 17 January 1957. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  13. ^ a b c d e "44ème Tour de France 1957" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  14. ^ Arian Zwegers. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
  15. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 109.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Amels, Wim (1984). De geschiedenis van de Tour de France 1903–1984 (in Dutch). Sport-Express. pp. 79–80. ISBN 90-70763-05-2.
  17. ^ Lowe, Felix. "The remarkable tale of Alex Virot, the tragic Tintin of the Tour de France". Eurosport. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  18. ^ a b McGann & McGann 2006, pp. 225–227.
  19. ^ "44ème Tour de France 1957 - 17ème étape" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  20. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
  21. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  22. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  23. ^ van den Akker 2018, pp. 211–216.
  24. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1957" [Information about the Tour de France from 1957]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d e "Les classements" [The rankings] (PDF). Feuille d'Avis du Valais (in French). 22 July 1957. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2019 – via RERO.
  26. ^ "Klassementen" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 16 July 1960. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
  27. ^ "Prix Alex Virot voor Felice Gimondi" (in Dutch). Leeuwarder Courant. 24 July 1967. Retrieved 23 December 2009.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to 1957 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons