14 Vulpeculae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

14 Vulpeculae
Map of the constellation Vulpecula
Red circle.svg
14 Vul in the constellation Vulpecula (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Vulpecula
Right ascension  19h 59m 10.53825s[1]
Declination +23° 06′ 04.6049″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.68[2]
Spectral type F1 Vn[3]
B−V color index 0.345±0.004[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) −38.0±3.7[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −70.16[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +2.12[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 20.36 ± 0.75[1] mas
Distance 160 ± 6 ly
(49 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 2.23[2]
Mass 1.52[5] M
Luminosity 11.09[2] L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.81±0.14[5] cgs
Temperature 6,938±236[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.36[4] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 150[6] km/s
Age 1.743[5] Gyr
Other designations
10 Vul, BD+22° 3872, HD 189410, HIP 98375, HR 7641, SAO 88016[7]
Database references

14 Vulpeculae is a single,[8] yellow-white hued star in the northern constellation of Vulpecula and proximate to the Dumbbell Nebula (M 27) on the celestial sphere, although actually much closer to the Earth.[9] It is a dim star that is faintly visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 5.68.[2] The distance to 14 Vul, as determined from its annual parallax shift of 20.36±0.75,[1] is around 160 light years. It is moving nearer with a heliocentric radial velocity of about −38 km/s,[4] and will make its closest approach in a million years when comes to within about 62 ly (19.04 pc).[2]

This is an F-type main-sequence star with a stellar classification of F1 Vn,[3] where the 'n' notation indicates nebulous lines due to rapid rotation. At the estimated age of 1.7[5] billion years old, it is spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 150[6] km/s and has sub-solar metallicity.[4] The star has 1.5[5] times the mass of the Sun and is radiating 11[2] times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of about 6,938 K.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  3. ^ a b Abt, Helmut A.; Morrell, Nidia I. (1995), "The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 99: 135, Bibcode:1995ApJS...99..135A, doi:10.1086/192182.
  4. ^ a b c d Casagrande, L.; et al. (2011), "New constraints on the chemical evolution of the solar neighbourhood and Galactic disc(s). Improved astrophysical parameters for the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 530 (A138): 21, arXiv:1103.4651, Bibcode:2011A&A...530A.138C, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201016276.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g David, Trevor J.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. (2015), "The Ages of Early-Type Stars: Strömgren Photometric Methods Calibrated, Validated, Tested, and Applied to Hosts and Prospective Hosts of Directly Imaged Exoplanets", The Astrophysical Journal, 804 (2): 146, arXiv:1501.03154, Bibcode:2015ApJ...804..146D, doi:10.1088/0004-637X/804/2/146.
  6. ^ a b Bernacca, P. L.; Perinotto, M. (1970), "A catalogue of stellar rotational velocities", Contributi Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova in Asiago, 239 (1), Bibcode:1970CoAsi.239....1B.
  7. ^ "14 Vul". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2018-04-13.
  8. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x.
  9. ^ Benedict, G. Fritz; McArthur, B. E.; Fredrick, L. W.; Harrison, T. E.; et al. (2003), "Astrometry with The Hubble Space Telescope: A Parallax of the Central Star of the Planetary Nebula NGC 6853", Astronomical Journal, 126 (5): 2549–2556, arXiv:astro-ph/0307449, Bibcode:2003AJ....126.2549B, doi:10.1086/378603.

External links[edit]