March 14 Alliance

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March 14 Alliance

تحالف ١٤ آذار
Leader Saad Hariri
General Secretary Fares Souhaid
Founded 2005; 14 years ago (2005)
Headquarters Beirut
Ideology Lebanese nationalism
Anti-Syrian government

Nonsectarianism
Political position Big tent
Colors           Red, White
Parliament of Lebanon
39 / 128
Cabinet of Lebanon
9 / 30
Website
14march.org
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The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذار‎, romanizedtaḥāluf 14 adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian government stance and their opposition to the March 8 Alliance. It is led by Saad Hariri, second son of Rafic Hariri, as well as other prominent figures.

Parties that left the alliance[edit]

The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was the sole political opposition, but was joined one year later by the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.[citation needed]

The Progressive Socialist Party left the 14 March movement in August 2011.[citation needed]

The National Liberal Party left the 14 March movement the 22 December 2016.

2006 Lebanon War[edit]

On the 12th of July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that Israel preplanned such a war, supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.

The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.

During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad Siniora met during her visit to Lebanon.

Claims[edit]

The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:

Member parties[edit]

Party Ideology Demographic base Party seats
Represented parties
Future Movement Conservative liberalism Sunni Muslims
20 / 128
Lebanese Forces Christian democracy Maronite Christians
15 / 128
Kataeb Party Phoenicianism Maronite Christians
3 / 128
Independence Movement Conservatism Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
1 / 128
Unrepresented parties
National Bloc Liberal conservatism Nonsectarian (official)
Maronite Christians (majority)
0 / 128
National Liberal Party National liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
Christians (majority)
0 / 128
Democratic Left Movement Social democracy Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Democratic Renewal Social liberalism Nonsectarian (official)
0 / 128
Hunchakian Party Democratic socialism Armenians
0 / 128
Ramgavar Party Classical liberalism Armenians
0 / 128
Islamic Group Islamic democracy Sunni Muslims
0 / 128
Free Shia Movement Islamic democracy Shia Muslims
0 / 128
Syriac Union Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Nonsectarian)
0 / 128
Shuraya Party Assyrian self-determination Assyrians (Christians)
0 / 128

2018 legislative elections[edit]

The alliance gathered 47 seats out of 128 (37%), in the 2018 legislative elections.

Name Party District Religion
Saad Hariri      Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Nohad Machnouk      Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Rola Tabsh Jaroudi      Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Tamam Salam      Future Movement Beirut II Sunni
Nazih Najem      Future Movement Beirut II Greek Orthodox
Walid Baarini      Future Movement Akkar Sunni
Tarek El Merhebi      Future Movement Akkar Sunni
Mohamed Sleiman      Future Movement Akkar Sunni
Hadi Hobeich      Future Movement Akkar Maronite
Sami Fatfat      Future Movement Dinniyeh Sunni
Othman Alameddine      Future Movement Minyeh Sunni
Samir Jisr      Future Movement Tripoli Sunni
Mohamed Kabara      Future Movement Tripoli Sunni
Dima Jamali      Future Movement Tripoli Sunni
Mohamed Hajjar      Future Movement Chouf Sunni
Bahia Hariri      Future Movement Saida Sunni
Mohamed Karaawi      Future Movement West Bekaa Rashaya Sunni
Bakr Hujeiri      Future Movement Baalbeck Hermel Sunni
Assem Araji      Future Movement Zahle Sunni
Henri Chedid      Independent West Bekaa Rashaya Maronite
Michel Moawad      Independence Movement Zgharta Maronite
Imad Wakim      Lebanese Forces Beirut I Greek Orthodox
Wehbe Katicha      Lebanese Forces Akkar Greek Orthodox
Fady Saad      Lebanese Forces Batroun Maronite
Sethrida Tawk      Lebanese Forces Bsharri Maronite
Joseph Ishac      Lebanese Forces Bsharri Maronite
Ziad Hawat      Lebanese Forces Jbeil Maronite
Chawki Daccache      Lebanese Forces Keserwan Maronite
Eddy Abillama      Lebanese Forces Metn Maronite
Pierre Bou Assi      Lebanese Forces Baabda Maronite
Anis Nassar      Lebanese Forces Aley Greek Orthodox
Georges Adwan      Lebanese Forces Chouf Maronite
Georges Okeis      Lebanese Forces Zahle Greek Catholic
Antoine Habchi      Lebanese Forces Baalbeck Hermel Maronite
Jean Talouzian      Independent Beirut I Armenian Catholic
Cesar Maalouf      Independent Zahle Greek Orthodox
Nadim Gemayel      Kataeb Beirut I Maronite
Samy Gemayel      Kataeb Metn Maronite
Elias Hankash      Kataeb Metn Maronite

See also[edit]

List of attacks in Lebanon

External links[edit]