Omicron Leonis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 14 Leonis)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Omicron Leonis
Leo constellation map.png
Omicron Leonis is located to the lower far right on this map of the constellation.
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Leo
Right ascension 09h 41m 09.03s
Declination +09° 53' 32.30"
Apparent magnitude (V) +3.52[1]
Spectral type F8-G0III + A7m[2]
U−B color index 0.21[1]
B−V color index 0.49[1]
Proper motion (μ) RA: -143.20[3] mas/yr
Dec.: -37.20[3] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 25.03[3] ± 0.22 mas
Distance 135 ly
(41.4±0.1[4] pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) +0.51[5]
Period (P) 14.498064 ± 0.000009 days
Semi-major axis (a) 4.46 ± 0.01 mas
Eccentricity (e) 0
Inclination (i) 57.6 ± 0.1°
Longitude of the node (Ω) 191.4 ± 0.1°
Periastron epoch (T) TJD 10629.831 ± 0.003
ο Leo A
Mass 2.12 M
Radius 5.9±0.5 R
Luminosity 39.4±2.4 L
Temperature 6,000±200 K
Age 800(estimate) Myr
ο Leo B
Mass 1.87±0.01 M
Radius 2.2±0.3 R
Luminosity 15.4±1.0 L
Temperature 7,600±400 K
Other designations
ο Leo, 14 Leo, BD+10 2044, FK5 365, HD 83808/83809, HIP 47508, HR 3852, SAO 98709.
Database references

Omicron Leonis (ο Leonis, abbreviated Omicron Leo, ο Leo) is a multiple star system in the constellation of Leo, west of Regulus, some 130 light-years from the Sun, where it marks one of the lion's forepaws.

It consists of a binary pair, designated Omicron Leonis A and an optical companion, Omicron Leonis B.[6] A's two components are themselves designated Omicron Leonis Aa (officially named Subra /ˈsbrə/, the traditional name for the system)[7][8] and Ab.


ο Leonis (Latinised to Omicron Leonis) is the star's Bayer designation. The designations of the two constituents as Omicron Leonis A and B, and those of A's components—Omicron Leonis Aa and Ab—derive from the convention used by the Washington Multiplicity Catalog (WMC) for multiple star systems, and adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).[9]

It bore the traditional name Subra, from the Arabic زبرة zubra (upper part of the back), originally applied to Delta and Theta Leonis.[10]

In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)[11] to catalogue and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN decided to attribute proper names to individual stars rather than entire multiple systems.[12] It approved the name Subra for the component Omicron Leonis Aa on 12 September 2016 and it is now so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names.[8]


The primary is given the type F8-G0III giant and the secondary is a type A7m dwarf.[4] Their combined apparent magnitude is +3.52.


  1. ^ a b c Ducati, J. R. (2002). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson's 11-color system". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues. 2237: 0. Bibcode:2002yCat.2237....0D.
  2. ^ Ginestet, N.; Carquillat, J. M. (2002). "Spectral Classification of the Hot Components of a Large Sample of Stars with Composite Spectra, and Implication for the Absolute Magnitudes of the Cool Supergiant Components". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 143 (2): 513. Bibcode:2002ApJS..143..513G. doi:10.1086/342942.
  3. ^ a b c Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653–664. arXiv:0708.1752. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357.
  4. ^ a b c d Hummel, C. A.; Carquillat, J. -M.; Ginestet, N.; Griffin, R. F.; Boden, A. F.; Hajian, A. R.; Mozurkewich, D.; Nordgren, T. E. (2001). "Orbital and Stellar Parameters of Omicron Leonis from Spectroscopy and Interferometry". The Astronomical Journal. 121 (3): 1623. Bibcode:2001AJ....121.1623H. doi:10.1086/319391.
  5. ^ Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  6. ^ "Washington Double Star Catalog". United States Naval Observatory. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  7. ^ Kunitzsch, Paul; Smart, Tim (2006). A Dictionary of Modern star Names: A Short Guide to 254 Star Names and Their Derivations (2nd rev. ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Sky Pub. ISBN 978-1-931559-44-7.
  8. ^ a b "Naming Stars". Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  9. ^ Hessman, F. V.; Dhillon, V. S.; Winget, D. E.; Schreiber, M. R.; Horne, K.; Marsh, T. R.; Guenther, E.; Schwope, A.; Heber, U. (2010). "On the naming convention used for multiple star systems and extrasolar planets". arXiv:1012.0707 [astro-ph.SR].
  10. ^ Jim Kaler's website: (online 6th Sep 2015)
  11. ^ IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN), International Astronomical Union, retrieved 22 May 2016.
  12. ^ "WG Triennial Report (2015-2018) - Star Names" (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 2018-07-14.

External links[edit]