Fourteen Words

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Fourteen Words, 14, or 14/88, is a reference to slogans coined by white supremacist David Lane,[1] a founding member of the terrorist organization The Order.[2] The terms were coined while he was serving a 190-year sentence in federal prison for his role in violating the civil rights of Jewish talk show host Alan Berg, who was murdered by another member of the group in June 1984.[3] The slogans were publicized through now-defunct 14 Word Press, founded in 1995 by Lane's wife to disseminate her husband's writings.[4][5] The most common phrasing is "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children".[6]

Lane also used the phrasing in other pamphlets including the "14 points" of his White Genocide Manifesto and further in his 88 Precepts essay, stressing his support for racial and ethnic religions, opposition to universal religions (such as Christianity), his opposition to miscegenation, his anti-Americanism,[5] and support for racial separatism.[2][7][8] Many of his concepts, ideology and values, particularly the Fourteen Words slogan, are either inspired by or derived from Adolf Hitler's autobiographical book Mein Kampf.[9]

Phrasing[edit]

The terms were later adopted by white supremacists[2] and neo-nazis,[2] white nationalists and identitarians, members of the far-right and alt-right, the most widely used variation being:

We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children.[10][6][11][12]

Another less commonly used variation is:

Because the beauty of the White Aryan woman must not perish from the earth.[13]

It is sometimes combined with 88, as in "14/88" or "1488" with the 8s representing the eighth letter of the alphabet (H), with "HH" standing for "Heil Hitler",[12] or simply as a reference to Lane's 88 Precepts,[14] which when combined with "14" refer to Lane's white supremacist neo-pagan religion, Wotanism.[15]

In 2018, although dismissed by the US government as a coincidence,[16] the Trump administration's United States Department of Homeland Security were accused of referencing both "88" in a document,[17] and the Fourteen Words by creating a similar fourteen-worded title,[18] starting with the same first three words ("We must secure"), in relation to illegal immigration and border control:

We Must Secure The Border And Build The Wall To Make America Safe Again.[19]

The slogan has been used in acts of white supremacist terrorism and violence.[2] It was central to the symbolism of 2008's Barack Obama assassination plot,[20] which intended to kill 88 African Americans, including future President Barack Obama (at that time the Democratic Party nominee), 14 of whom were to be beheaded.[21][22] Skinhead Curtis Allgier notably tattooed the words on to his body after he murdered corrections officer Stephen Anderson,[23] and Dylan Roof's race war-inspired Charleston church shooting was influenced by the slogan.

Origins[edit]

Scholars say the slogan was influenced by Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf, which was also written from prison

A strong resemblance of the first definition to a statement in Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf has been pointed out, albeit not by Lane or by Fourteen Word Press. Scholars such as Barry Balleck have stated that Lane was almost certainly influenced by Hitler, specifically the following statement in Mein Kampf.[2]

What we must fight for is to safeguard the existence and reproduction of our race and our people, the sustenance of our children and the purity of our blood, the freedom and independence of the fatherland, so that our people may mature for the fulfillment of the mission allotted it by the creator of the universe. Every thought and every idea, every doctrine and all knowledge, must serve this purpose. And everything must be examined from this point of view and used or rejected according to its utility. (Vol. I, Chapter 8)[2]

Advocates[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

  • Nick Griffin, a British politician, former British National Party leader and MEP, has stated his political idealogy can summed up by the Fourteen Words.[24] He has claimed "everything I do is related to building a nationalist movement through which [...] those 14 words can be carried out."[25]
  • Colin Jordan (1923–2009), a leading figure in post-war neo-Nazism in Great Britain and longtime supporter of the 14 Words; contributed to Lane's book "Deceived, Damned & Defiant".[26]
  • Millennial Woes, a Scottish alt-right, neoreactionary political activist and YouTube personality, supports the slogan and has stated in 2017 that the "14 words used to be more controversial than they are nowadays".[27] Faith Goldy has claimed that he had encouraged her to recite the slogan in an interview.[28]
  • John Tyndall (1934–2005), was a British fascist political activist, who supported the Fourteen Words, along with his party The National Front,[29] which he was chairman of from 1972 to 1974.[30]

United States[edit]

  • Andrew Anglin, an American white supremacist and founder of The Daily Stormer website, supports the Fourteen Words,[31] and has claimed, "We care not for our own egos or lives. We care only about the agenda, which is: We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children."[32]
  • Baked Alaska, an American alt-right/far right social media personality, supports the Fourteen Words[33] and has stated that there's "nothing wrong" with the slogan. Distancing himself from its creator, he claimed, "Just because others have used them doesn't change the meaning."[34] He has frequently promoted the slogan on social media including with monetary receipts, polls, questions and memes.[35][36][37][38]
  • Craig Cobb, an American white nationalist and separatist, created the video sharing website Podblanc and started a business named after the 14 Words,[39] as well as tried to start a church named after Trump which later burned to the ground.[40]
  • Ann Coulter, an American conservative social and political commentator, writer, and lawyer, has been accused of promoting the slogan,[41] as well as celebrated by some fans and white supremacists for allegedly doing so.[42] In January 2017, she tweeted "14!", which was largely answered with "88" (in reference to 14/88) on her Twitter. Coulter has claimed the tweet was regarding Barack Obama's days left as President,[43] which was 15 days at the time.[44]
  • Harold Covington (September 14, 1953 – July, 2018), was an American white separatist leader and founder of the Northwest Front organization, based on the 14 Words.[45][46]
  • Nathan Damigo, an American white supremacist, leader of Identity Evropa and former US Marine, supports and promotes the slogan with his organization.[47][48]
  • April Gaede, an American white nationalist and neo-Nazi stage mom, whose daughters (Prussian Blue) used to sing under Resistance Records; distributed David Lane's cremated remains in "14 pyramids" to signify the 14 Words.[49][50][51]
  • Matthew Heimbach, an American white supremacist of the Traditionalist Workers Party, has based part of his party-platform on the "14 Words" and affirmed them at various speechings including one before the Council of Conservative Citizens.[52][53]
  • William Daniel Johnson, an American white nationalist, attorney, and chairman of the American Freedom Party, is an advocate of the 14 word slogan. He has stated that he and his organization "embrace principles that will secure the existence of our people and a future for our children".[9][54][55] He has claimed that Ron Paul withdrew his endorsement of him for a judgeship in California, after media reported that he was an advocate of the 14 Words.[56]
  • David Lane (1938–2007), was an American white supremacist leader and key member of the terrorist organization The Order. He is credited with creating and popularizing the Fourteen Words.[57] The ADL have described Lane's slogan as reflecting "the primary white supremacist worldview in the late 20th and early 21st centuries".[58]
  • Stephen McNallen, American neo-pagan leader and founder of the Asatru Folk Assembly, quoted the 14 Words verbatim[59] and based his own slogan "The existence of my people is not negotiable" as a simplified 14 Words.[60]
  • Tom Metzger, an American white separatist leader, founder of White Aryan Resistance and hosted the 14 Word writings of imprisoned David Lane; accused the United States government of murdering Lane at his death in 2007.[61][62]
  • Sarah Palin, an American politician, reality television personality, and former Governor of Alaska, has been accused of dog-whistle politics promoting the Fourteen Words,[63] after she appeared to tweet a reference to her followers.[64] Although the original content creators (the Young Conservatives) denied the link to the material, media speculated whether Palin intended to endorse the slogan.[65][66]
  • Jack Posobiec, an American alt-right conspiracy theorist and former naval intelligence officer, has repeatedly published information related to "1488" and has been reported as a supporter of the slogan.[67][68]
  • Billy Roper, an American white supremacist who corresponded with David Lane and founded a White power group called "White Revolution" based on the 14 Words.[69]
  • Richard B. Spencer, an American white supremacist and president of the National Policy Institute, supports the 14-worded slogan.[32] However, he has clarified that he'd prefer to merge the alt-right and alt-lite into one political force, claiming, "If I wanted to create a movement that was 1488 white nationalist, I would have done that."[70]
  • Vox Day, an American writer, video game designer, and alt-right activist, supports the 14 Words,[33] promoting the slogan in his Sixteen points of the Alt-Right,[71] which placed the sentence "we must secure the existence of white people and a future for white children" as the fourteenth point.[72]
  • weev, an American computer hacker and Internet troll, has shown his support for the slogan, referencing "1488" numerously in computer transactions,[73] as well as more explicitly discussing the topic on social media.[74][75]

Other nations[edit]

  • Yury Biryukov, a Russian politician, lawyer and adviser to the Ukrainian President, posted 14/88 code through social media[76]
  • Faith Goldy, a Canadian right-wing writer and commentator, has recited[77] and supported[78] the Fourteen Words,[79][80] saying "I don't see that as controversial... We want to survive."[27] After being banned by Patreon for her advocacy of the slogan, Goldy defended her views, and gathered petition signatures in public on a document which replaced "white children" with "aboriginal children", to supposedly prove the slogan was not hate speech.[28]
  • Marian Kotleba, a Slovak politician and leader of the far-right Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia political party, has been accused of demonstrating support for the slogan,[81] with supposed reference to the Fourteen Words by making a €1,488 donation to charity,[82][83] which he is facing criminal charges for in Slovakia.[84]
  • Saga, a Swedish white nationalist singer-songwriter, long-time supporter of the 14 Words slogan and personal friend of Lane; turned his poetry into music format and released the CD On My Own which includes the song "Goodbye David Lane", a variant of "Candle in the Wind" as part of his euology.[85][86]
  • Varg Vikernes, a Norwegian National Socialist Black Metal musician and proponent of the white genocide conspiracy theory who regularly uses "14" and "88" numerology in the videos of his Thulean Perspective channel on Youtube.

2018 United States DHS press release[edit]

A press release issued in February 2018 on the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) website included a title with fourteen words similarly structured to the white supremacist phrase ("We Must Secure The Border And Build The Wall To Make America Safe Again").[19] The release also included a reference to the number '88' in the text: "On average, out of 88 claims that pass the credible fear screening, fewer than 13 will ultimately result in a grant of asylum." The similarity was widely shared on social media.[17][87] DHS dismissed the similarity as a conspiracy theory, and journalist Chris Hayes attributed the unusual use of 88 as a statistical artifact of how DHS processes asylum seekers.[16]

References related to terrorism and violence[edit]

Skinhead murderer Curtis Allgier has tattoos of "14" and "88"[88]

The slogans and numerology of "14" and "88" have been used by many white supremacists, both before and after committing violence (such as in manifestos), as well as symbolically within criminal acts. These include Order-member David Lane, assassination attempters Paul Schlesselman and Daniel Cowart, and murderers Dylann Roof[89] and Curtis Allgier.[88] Allgier has "14" and "88" tattooed on his forehead above and to the sides of the words "skin" and "head" above his eyes in his mugshot.[88]

Murder of Alan Berg[edit]

The assassination of Jewish talk show host Alan Berg in June 1984, is considered as The Order's most infamous act of terrorism.[41][14] Order member Bruce Pierce served as the gunman in the murder and Lane the getaway driver.[90][91] During Lane's imprisonment on separate convictions (some relating to violating Alan Berg's civil rights) he created the Fourteen Words slogan. The number 14 continues to symbolize allegiance to the Aryan Nations' vision of a white homeland.[92]

Barack Obama assassination plot[edit]

"14/88" numerology was symbolically included in the Barack Obama assassination plot in October 2008.[20] Both Neo-Nazis, Schlesselman and Cowart were introduced to each other online by a mutual friend who shared their white supremacist beliefs.[93] Within a month of meeting, they had planned to kill the Democratic Party nominee by driving at their target and shooting from their vehicle. This was to be followed by a killing spree in which the men planned to kill 88 African Americans, 14 of whom were to be beheaded. They were targeting mostly children at an unidentified, predominantly black school.[21][94] Shortly after their arrest, their vehicle was discovered to have "14" and "88" written onto it.[14]

Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting[edit]

Mass-shooter Wade Michael Page, who killed six and wounded four members of the Sikh community in August 2012, had been a supporter of the Fourteen Words, and was found with "14" onto a Celtic Cross tattooed on his arm,[95] after committing suicide at the scene of the crime.[96][97] About a year before the shooting, Page wrote on the Internet regarding the slogan, "Passive submission is indirect support to the oppressors. Stand up for yourself and live the 14 words."[98]

Charleston church shooting[edit]

After the Charleston mass-murder shooting in June 2015, Dylann Roof's ideology and apparent manifesto emerged in the media with multiple references to "1488",[99] these included several photos of Roof pictured alongside the numbers.[100] He symbolically brought 88 bullets to the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church to carry out the shooting, in which nine African Americans were killed.[101][102]

Pittsburgh synagogue shooting[edit]

Robert Bowers, the gunman suspected of killing 11 people and wounding 6 at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, included the numeric code "1488" in the header image of his Gab social media account.[103][104] Bowers also expressed Christian Identity rhetoric declaring "the lord jesus christ is come in the flesh" while espousing anti-Semitic views that "jews are children of satan".[105]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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