Újbuda

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11th District of Budapest

Budapest XI. kerülete

Újbuda
District XI
Flag of 11th District of Budapest
Flag
Coat of arms of 11th District of Budapest
Coat of arms
Location of District XI in Budapest (shown in grey)
Location of District XI in Budapest (shown in grey)
Coordinates: 47°28′30″N 19°02′24″E / 47.475°N 19.04°E / 47.475; 19.04Coordinates: 47°28′30″N 19°02′24″E / 47.475°N 19.04°E / 47.475; 19.04
Country Hungary
Region Central Hungary
City Budapest
Established 1 March 1934
Quarters[1]
Government
 • Mayor Imre László (DK)
 • Deputy Mayor Zita Bakai-Nagy (DK)
Anna Orosz (Momentum)
Richárd Barabás (Dialogue)
György Hintsch (MSZP)
Area
 • Total 33.49 km2 (12.93 sq mi)
Area rank 8th
Population
 (2016)[2]
 • Total 151,812
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 4,533/km2 (11,740/sq mi)
Demonym(s) tizenegyedik kerületi ("11th districter")
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
1111 ... 1119
Website www.ujbuda.hu

Újbuda (lit. New Buda) is the 11th district of Budapest (Hungarian: Budapest XI. kerület), Hungary. It is the most populous district of Budapest with 137,426 inhabitants (2008). Until the 1890s, Újbuda's present territory was a field south of the historical town of Buda. The construction of a new residential area started in the 1900s, the present district was formed in 1930.[3] From 1880 to 1980, Újbuda's population increased from 1,180 to 178,960.[4] There are boulevards, avenues with tram lines, and communist-era housing estates in the district. Line 4 of the Budapest metro passes through Újbuda.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Population[edit]

Ethnic groups (2001 census)
Religions (2001 census)
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1870 1,149 —    
1880 1,180 +2.7%
1890 3,092 +162.0%
1900 7,191 +132.6%
1910 23,457 +226.2%
1920 37,025 +57.8%
1930 52,337 +41.4%
1941 76,668 +46.5%
1949 86,804 +13.2%
1960 109,124 +25.7%
1970 161,437 +47.9%
1980 178,960 +10.9%
1990 174,509 −2.5%
2001 144,441 −17.2%
2006 136,503 −5.5%
2008 137,426 +0.7%

Transport[edit]

Traffic to Budapest from Western Hungary enters the city in this district; a main road, Budaörsi út is the direct continuation of motorways M1 and M7. Three bridges on the Danube are located in the district; the bridges Liberty, Petőfi and Rákóczi/Lágymányosi connect the district to the neighboring 5th and 9th districts on the Pest side.

Kelenföld Railway Station, the fourth largest railway station of Budapest is in the district. Most of the trains heading to Western Hungary and Western Europe pass through the station (including commuter trains to the agglomeration). The district also has a smaller station, the Albertfalva station.

Kelenföld Railway Station is also the terminus for Metro Line M4; the line, opened in 2014, is the first of the Budapest Metro to serve the district, where it has 5 of its 10 stations. It connects the district with Keleti Railway Station, the largest railway station in Hungary. Next to the Kelenföld Railway Station there is also a major bus station for local buses and another for buses serving the nearby towns.

The district has 46 bus lines, 9 night bus lines and 11 tram lines (among them Lines 4 and 6, two of the most important tram lines of the city, both of which have their terminus in the district).

There are no airports with scheduled flights within the district, however, it is home to Budaörs Airport, the pre-1950 main airport of Hungary. This was the second international airport in Budapest (after Mátyásföld Airfield), and the oldest still existing one, although today it serves general aviation only. During World War I one of the first military airfields, Albertfalva Military Airfield was located in the district, next to the first Hungarian airplane factory.[5]

List of mayors[edit]

Member Party Date
Emil Bánhegyi SZDSZ 1990–1994
Ferenc Szegedi MDF 1994–1998
Katalin Juhos Fidesz 1998–2002
Gyula Molnár MSZP 2002–2010
Tamás Hoffmann Fidesz 2010–2019
Imre László DK 2019–

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Újbuda is twinned with:[6]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "94/2012. (XII. 27.) Főv. Kgy. rendelet - a közterület- és városrésznevek megállapításáról, azok jelöléséről, valamint a házszám-megállapítás szabályairól" (in Hungarian).
  2. ^ a b "A fővárosi kerületek, a megyei jogú városok, a városok területe, lakónépessége és a lakások száma" [The area of districts of the capital, of the towns with county's rights, resident population and number of dwellings]. Magyarország közigazgatási helynévkönyve 2016. január 1 [Gazetteer of Hungary 1st January, 2016] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 2016. p. 21.
  3. ^ History of Újbuda (Hungarian)
  4. ^ Historical population of Újbuda (Hungarian Central Statistical Office)
  5. ^ "Az elfeledett albertfalvai repülőgépgyár, ami örökre megváltoztatta a katonai repülést". 4 January 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Újbuda története" [Újbuda - New in History, Twin Towns]. Rafia.hu (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  7. ^ "МЕЖДУНАРОДНО СЪТРУДНИЧЕСТВО НА ОБЩИНА РУСЕ - Побратимени градове". Община Русе [Municipality Ruse] (in Bulgarian). Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  8. ^ "Marosvásárhely" (in Hungarian). Ujbuda.hu. Retrieved 18 November 2011.

External links[edit]